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In the range of pH examined (5.2-10), variations of internal pH from high to low values result in a reversible decrease of the conductance of the open K channels, without significantly affecting the kinetics parameters. A linear plot of the conductance versus internal pH suggests the existence of a titratable group that has an apparent pKa of about 6.9, and(More)
Sodium channels in plasma membranes can be blocked by a large variety of toxins and local anaesthetics. This property, however, is not confined to relatively large molecules. For instance, extracellularly applied small ions like hydrogen may also prevent the passive transport of permeant cations across open Na+ channels. A typical feature of this phenomenon(More)
The interior structure of the Sun can be studied with great accuracy using observations of its oscillations, similar to seismology of the Earth. Precise agreement between helioseismological measurements and predictions of theoretical solar models has been a triumph of modern astrophysics. A recent downward revision by 25-35 per cent of the solar abundances(More)
Squid giant axons were used to investigate the reversible effects of intracellular pH(pHi) on the kinetic properties of ionic channels. The pharmacologically separated K+ and Na+ currents were measured under: (a) internal perfusion, (b) enzymatic Pronase treatment, and (c) continuous estimate of periaxonal ion accumulation. Variation of internal pH from 4.8(More)
Supravalvular mitral stenosis is a rare condition characterized by an abnormal ridge, with one or two orifices, covering and obstructing the mitral valve. Preoperative diagnosis is difficult with transtoracic echo (TTE), angiography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In this case, a 36-year-old male, was admitted to our Heart department: He experienced(More)
An analysis of Lyman series lines arising from hydrogen-like oxygen and neon ions in the coronae of the active RS CVn-type binaries II Peg and IM Peg, observed using the Chandra High Resolution Transmission Grating Spectrograph, shows significant decrements in the Lyα/Lyβ ratios as compared with theoretical predictions and with the same ratios observed in(More)
We present high-resolution X-ray spectra of the nearby, multiple T Tauri star (TTS) system Hen 3-600, obtained with the High Energy Transmission Grating Spectrograph (HETGS) aboard the Chandra X-ray Observatory (CXO). Both principle binary components of Hen 3-600 (A and B, separation 1.4 ′′) were detected in the zeroth-order CXO/HETGS X-ray image. Hen(More)
Coronal cavities are large low-density regions formed by hemispheric-scale magnetic flux ropes suspended in the Sun's outer atmosphere. They evolve over time, eventually erupting as the dark cores of coronal mass ejections. Although coronal mass ejections are common and can significantly affect planetary magnetospheres, the mechanisms by which cavities(More)
Recent analysis of high resolution Chandra X-ray spectra has shown that the Ne/O abundance ratio is remarkably constant in stellar coronae. Based on this result, we point out the utility of the Ne/O ratio as a discriminant for accretion-related X-rays from T Tauri stars, and for probing the measure of grain-depletion of the accreting material in the inner(More)
We have analyzed high-resolution X-ray spectra of a sample of 22 active stars observed with the High Energy Transmission Grating Spectrometer on Chandra in order to investigate their coronal plasma density. Densities where investigated using the lines of the He-like ions O VII, Mg XI, and Si XIII. Si XIII lines in all stars of the sample are compatible with(More)