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In the range of pH examined (5.2-10), variations of internal pH from high to low values result in a reversible decrease of the conductance of the open K channels, without significantly affecting the kinetics parameters. A linear plot of the conductance versus internal pH suggests the existence of a titratable group that has an apparent pKa of about 6.9, and(More)
Sodium channels in plasma membranes can be blocked by a large variety of toxins and local anaesthetics. This property, however, is not confined to relatively large molecules. For instance, extracellularly applied small ions like hydrogen may also prevent the passive transport of permeant cations across open Na+ channels. A typical feature of this phenomenon(More)
The physical processes causing energy exchange between the Sun's hot corona and its cool lower atmosphere remain poorly understood. The chromosphere and transition region (TR) form an interface region between the surface and the corona that is highly sensitive to the coronal heating mechanism. High-resolution observations with the Interface Region Imaging(More)
The interior structure of the Sun can be studied with great accuracy using observations of its oscillations, similar to seismology of the Earth. Precise agreement between helioseismological measurements and predictions of theoretical solar models has been a triumph of modern astrophysics. A recent downward revision by 25-35 per cent of the solar abundances(More)
Squid giant axons were used to investigate the reversible effects of intracellular pH(pHi) on the kinetic properties of ionic channels. The pharmacologically separated K+ and Na+ currents were measured under: (a) internal perfusion, (b) enzymatic Pronase treatment, and (c) continuous estimate of periaxonal ion accumulation. Variation of internal pH from 4.8(More)
Squid giant axons were used to study the reversible effects of high intracellular pH (pHi) on gating currents. Under depolarization, when Na channels are activated, internal solutions buffered at high pHi (10.2) affect considerably the time course of gating charge associated with channel closing, QOFF, with almost no alteration of QON records. In(More)
In previous studies, a right hemisphere superiority was shown during REM sleep with respect to Wake and NREM states for right hemisphere tasks. The question can be raised whether the increasing right hemisphere performance during REM is related to right hemisphere tasks only, or whether it is of more general nature. This hypothesis was tested by giving the(More)
Supravalvular mitral stenosis is a rare condition characterized by an abnormal ridge, with one or two orifices, covering and obstructing the mitral valve. Preoperative diagnosis is difficult with transtoracic echo (TTE), angiography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In this case, a 36-year-old male, was admitted to our Heart department: He experienced(More)
Coronal cavities are large low-density regions formed by hemispheric-scale magnetic flux ropes suspended in the Sun's outer atmosphere. They evolve over time, eventually erupting as the dark cores of coronal mass ejections. Although coronal mass ejections are common and can significantly affect planetary magnetospheres, the mechanisms by which cavities(More)