Paola Tarroni

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The effects of human recombinant tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) on the synaptic transmission were studied in rat hippocampal slices by using extracellular field potential recordings. Population spikes and/or excitatory postsynaptic potentials were extracellularly recorded in hippocampus CA1 region from stratum pyramidale and stratum radiatum,(More)
The mutant mouse spastic (spa) develops a characteristic motor disorder about 2 weeks after birth, with symptoms resembling sublethal poisoning by the glycinergic antagonist strychnine. Correspondingly, adult homozygotic mutants (spa/spa) exhibit a severe reduction of inhibitory glycine receptors in spinal cord and brain. Here we show that the spastic(More)
In vertebrate skeletal muscles, the type 1 isoform of ryanodine receptor (RyR1) is essential in triggering contraction by releasing Ca2+ from the sarcoplasmic reticulum in response to plasma membrane depolarisation. Recently, the presence of another RyR isoform, RyR3, has been detected in mammalian skeletal muscle cells, raising the question of the eventual(More)
Human small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) cells express neuronal-like voltage-operated calcium channels (VOCCs) and release mitogenic hormones such as serotonin (5-HT). Opioid peptides, on the other hand, have been shown to reduce SCLC cell proliferation by an effective autocrine pathway. Here we show that in GLC8 SCLC cells, only delta-opioid receptor subtype(More)
Though extensive studies have been conducted, questions regarding the molecular effectors and pathways underlying the regulatory role of 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) in human osteoblasts other than cell differentiation and matrix protein production remain unanswered. This study aims to identify genes and pathways that are modulated by 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) treatment in human(More)
Small cell lung carcinoma is an aggressive neuroendocrine tumor that secretes several hormones, some of which act as autocrine growth factors. In order to obtain more information on the process of hormone secretion from this tumor, we have studied the role of intracellular free Ca2+ concentrations and voltage-operated calcium channels in the control of(More)
To study the molecular mechanisms underlying the intensive expression of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in different tumor types, we characterized levels and composition of its messenger RNA (mRNA) sequences in heterologous tumor cell lines, primary tumor biopsies, and normal fetal and adult tissues and determined their exon-intron origin within the(More)
A beta subunit of the neuronal nicotinic receptor, sharing 88% homology with the rat beta 4 subunit, has been cloned from a human neuroblastoma cell line. The gene encoding the human beta 4 subunit is expressed in association with the alpha 3 gene in neuroblastoma and small-cell lung carcinoma cell lines. Patch-clamp experiments and radioligand binding(More)
To investigate the presence and the size of different non-mitochondrial Ca2+ pools of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells (EATCs), digitonin-permeabilized cells were allowed to accumulate Ca2+ in the presence of mitochondrial inhibitors and treated with the reticular Ca(2+)-ATPase inhibitor thapsigargin, IP3 and the Ca2+ ionophore A23187. Emptying of(More)