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The herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) glycoprotein B (gB-1) gene, deleted of 639 nucleotides that encode the transmembrane anchor sequence and reconstructed with the extramembrane and intracytoplasmic domains, was cloned under control of the Rous sarcoma virus long terminal repeat in the episomal replicating vector pRP-RSV, which contains the origin of(More)
The molecular pathogenesis of ovarian carcinoma involves altered expression of growth factors, activation of oncogenes and loss of tumor suppressor genes. Loss of heterozygosity on chromosomes 3p, 6q, 11p, 17 and 18q was reported as a significant alteration in ovarian cancer. However, no functional proof has been provided of tumor suppressor activity(More)
AIMS Hereditary transthyretin (TTR)-related amyloidosis (ATTR) is mainly considered a neurologic disease. We assessed the phenotypic and genotypic spectra of ATTR in a Caucasian area and evaluated the prevalence, genetic background, and disease profile of cases with an exclusively cardiac phenotype, highlighting possible hints for the differential diagnosis(More)
Wild-type P16/CDKN2 (p16INK4A, MTS1) cDNA, directed by the cytomegalovirus (CMV) immediate early promoter, was transfected into RT4 and RT112 bladder-carcinoma cell lines bearing a mutated endogenous P16/CDKN2 gene and lacking endogenous P16/CDKN2 respectively. In both cases, only transfected clones with rearranged exogenous P16/CDKN2 cDNA could be grown(More)
Potentially viable therapeutic approaches for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) are now within reach. Indeed, clinical trials are currently under way. Two crucial aspects still need to be addressed: maximizing therapeutic efficacy and identifying appropriate and sensible outcome measures. Nevertheless, the end point of these trials remains painful muscle(More)
Deletion and duplication of one or more exons in the dystrophin gene account for 70% of patients with Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies (DMD and BMD) and other allelic clinical entities such as raised serum creatine kinase and X linked dilated cardiomyopathy (XLDC). The severity of the resulting phenotype can be generally predicted by whether these(More)
Brody disease is an inherited disorder of skeletal muscle function characterized by increasing impairment of relaxation during exercise. The autosomal recessive form can be caused by mutations in the ATP2A1 gene, which encodes for the sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca-ATPase 1 (SERCA1) protein. We studied 2 siblings affected by Brody disease. The(More)
The commonest pathogenic DMD changes are intragenic deletions/duplications which make up to 78% of all cases and point mutations (roughly 20%) detectable through direct sequencing. The remaining mutations (about 2%) are thought to be pure intronic rearrangements/mutations or 5'-3' UTR changes. In order to screen the huge DMD gene for all types of copy(More)
The 2.2 Mb long dystrophin (DMD) gene, the largest gene in the human genome, corresponds to roughly 0.1% of the entire human DNA sequence. Mutations in this gene cause Duchenne muscular dystrophy and other milder X-linked, recessive dystrophinopathies. Using a custom-made tiling array, specifically designed for the DMD locus, we identified a variety of(More)
Antisense oligonucleotides (AONs) are being developed as RNA therapeutic molecules for Duchenne muscular dystrophy. For oligonucleotides with the 2'-O-methyl-phosphorothioate (2OMePS) RNA chemistry, proof of concept has been obtained in patient-specific muscle cell cultures, the mouse and dog disease models, and recently by local administration in Duchenne(More)