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Potentially viable therapeutic approaches for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) are now within reach. Indeed, clinical trials are currently under way. Two crucial aspects still need to be addressed: maximizing therapeutic efficacy and identifying appropriate and sensible outcome measures. Nevertheless, the end point of these trials remains painful muscle(More)
AIMS Hereditary transthyretin (TTR)-related amyloidosis (ATTR) is mainly considered a neurologic disease. We assessed the phenotypic and genotypic spectra of ATTR in a Caucasian area and evaluated the prevalence, genetic background, and disease profile of cases with an exclusively cardiac phenotype, highlighting possible hints for the differential diagnosis(More)
Brody disease is an inherited disorder of skeletal muscle function characterized by increasing impairment of relaxation during exercise. The autosomal recessive form can be caused by mutations in the ATP2A1 gene, which encodes for the sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca-ATPase 1 (SERCA1) protein. We studied 2 siblings affected by Brody disease. The(More)
The 2.2 Mb long dystrophin (DMD) gene, the largest gene in the human genome, corresponds to roughly 0.1% of the entire human DNA sequence. Mutations in this gene cause Duchenne muscular dystrophy and other milder X-linked, recessive dystrophinopathies. Using a custom-made tiling array, specifically designed for the DMD locus, we identified a variety of(More)
Antisense oligonucleotides (AONs) are being developed as RNA therapeutic molecules for Duchenne muscular dystrophy. For oligonucleotides with the 2'-O-methyl-phosphorothioate (2OMePS) RNA chemistry, proof of concept has been obtained in patient-specific muscle cell cultures, the mouse and dog disease models, and recently by local administration in Duchenne(More)
Reported prevalences of human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) (Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus) in semen have ranged widely. This is possibly due to differences in assay sensitivity, geographic or population-based differences in the true presence of the virus in semen, and PCR contamination. This study assessed interlaboratory sensitivity and reproducibility(More)
BACKGROUND The commonest pathogenic DMD changes are intragenic deletions/duplications which make up to 78% of all cases and point mutations (roughly 20%) detectable through direct sequencing. The remaining mutations (about 2%) are thought to be pure intronic rearrangements/mutations or 5'-3' UTR changes. In order to screen the huge DMD gene for all types of(More)
Mutations in the dystrophin gene give rise to Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies (DMD and BMD), in which both skeletal and cardiac muscles are affected, but also to X-linked dilated cardiomyopathy (XLDC), a condition characterised by exclusive cardiac involvement. XLDC patients with mutations at the 5' end of the gene typically have a cardiac specific(More)
Tat, the trans activation protein of HIV, is produced early upon infection to promote and expand HIV replication and transmission. However, Tat appears to also have effects on target cells, which may affect Ag recognition both during infection and after vaccination. In particular, Tat targets dendritic cells and induces their maturation and Ag-presenting(More)