Paola Pierobon

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The ultrastructural, histochemical, immunocytochemical, biochemical, molecular, behavioral and physiological evidence for non-peptidergic and peptidergic chemical neurotransmission in the Anthozoa, Hydrozoa, Scyphozoa and Cubozoa is surveyed. With the possible exception of data for the catecholamines and peptides in some animals, the set of cumulative data(More)
Gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors are present in membrane preparations from Hydra vulgaris, one of the most primitive organisms with a nervous system. These receptors are sensitive to muscimol and benzodiazepines and appear to be important in the regulation of the feeding response. The effects of neurosteroids, general anaesthetics, and GABA(More)
GABA binding sites labelled in vitro with [3H]GABA are present in crude membrane preparations from Hydra vulgaris. [3H]GABA binding is specific (70%), saturable and it is completely displaced by the GABA mimetic muscimol but not by bicuculline or baclofen. Scatchard analysis of saturation data indicates the presence of only one population of binding sites(More)
The effects of gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) and glutamate, their ionotropic agonists and antagonists on hydra's ectodermal and endodermal pacemaker systems were studied. GABA decreased ectodermal body contraction bursts (CBs) and the number of pulses in a burst (P/CB) and endodermal rhythmic potentials (RPs); tentacle pulses (TPs) were not affected. The(More)
Cnidarians lack well developed organs, but they have evolved the molecular and cellular components needed to assemble a nervous system. The apparent 'simplicity' of the cnidarian nervous net does not occur at the cellular level, but rather in the organisation of conducting systems. Cnidarian neurons are in fact electrically excitable, show the typical(More)
The feeding behaviour of the freshwater polyp Hydra vulgaris (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) is modulated by a number of molecules acting as neurotransmitters in other nervous systems. Here we present biochemical and functional evidence of the occurrence of putative NMDA receptors in Hydra tissues. Saturation experiments showed the presence of one population of(More)
1. The distribution of substance P-like immunoreactivity was studied in Hydra attenuata using the peroxidase-antiperoxidase technique. 2. Positive immunoreactivity was observed in ectodermal nerve cells and fibers as well as in nematoblasts at various stages of differentiation. 3. Administration of synthetic substance P to regenerating hydra did not affect(More)
Glycine acts as an inhibitory transmitter in the lower brain stem and spinal cord of vertebrate species, while very few data are yet available to support a similar role in invertebrate nervous systems. Here we report the identification and characterization of glycine receptors in the freshwater polyp Hydra vulgaris (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) by biochemical and(More)
Phylogenetic studies suggest that GABA and glycine receptors derive, as a result of divergent evolution, from a common ancestral protoreceptor originated in a unicellular organism. This raises the possibility that members of the ligand-gated ion channels (LGIC) superfamily might be widely present in living organisms including bacteria and primitive(More)
Phospholipase A2 -derived arachidonic acid (AA) and related metabolic products represent an important pathway involved in the regulation of growth and morphogenesis as well as in oxidative processes in cnidarian tissues. Here we present data on the participation of AA in the glutathione (GSH)-induced feeding response in Hydra vulgaris. Under conditions in(More)