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The authors studied the role of the sole posterior fossa bony decompression in the management of symptomatic children affected by Chiari type I anomalies. The series in the pediatric literature of this subject were reviewed and compared with that presented in this article. From May 1994 to December 1998, 53 patients (3 months to 26 years) were observed.(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to retrospectively evaluate a series of consecutive patients affected by post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus in prematurity, treated with an implant of an Ommaya reservoir followed by ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunt and/or endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) to evaluate the safety and efficacy of these treatment options in(More)
OBJECTIVE Brainstem tumors (BSTs) are usually gliomas and are divided into diffuse BSTs (DBSTs) and focal BSTs (FBSTs). The aim of this study is to investigate the different outcomes of these two entities. METHODS Thirty-one patients with BSTs were admitted to our institution from 1995 to 2003. Patients with DBSTs were treated with locoregional(More)
OBJECT Neuroendoscopic surgery is being used as an alternative to traditional shunt surgery and craniotomy in the management of hydrocephalus and intracranial fluid-filled cavities. In this study, the authors evaluated the incidence and type of complications occurring after neuroendoscopic procedures that were performed in a consecutive series of pediatric(More)
BACKGROUND One of the treatment option to reduce spasticity in cerebral palsy children is selective dorsal rhizotomy. Several studies have demonstrated short and long term improvements in gait and other activities after rhizotomy but this surgery still remains a controversial procedure and patient outcome indicators measures are not uniform. AIMS To(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to report on the role of neuroendoscopy during the management of hydrocephalus that led to the diagnosis of intracranial tumoral dissemination and the subsequent finding of a spinal cord glioma. METHODS AND RESULTS We present two children each with an intramedullary astrocytoma that presented initially with hydrocephalus(More)
BACKGROUND This prospective study stratified patients by surgical resection (complete = NED vs incomplete = ED) and centrally reviewed histology (World Health Organization [WHO] grade II vs III). METHODS WHO grade II/NED patients received focal radiotherapy (RT) up to 59.4 Gy with 1.8 Gy/day. Grade III/NED received 4 courses of VEC (vincristine,(More)
PURPOSE The combined recordings of epidural-(D wave) and muscle motor evoked potentials (m-MEPs) have been proposed in many studies in intramedullary spinal cord tumour (IMSCT) surgery, although not all agree. Furthermore, the usefulness of the intraoperative monitoring of motor systems using these methods in other types of spine surgery has not yet been(More)
BACKGROUND This prospective surveillance study was designed to estimate the incidence of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and to analyze the risk factors for their development in a pediatric neurosurgical unit. METHODS The study was performed in an Italian teaching hospital from October 2008 through March 2010. All children (0-18 years) undergoing(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate retrospectively the operative findings and long-term results of a repeat endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) in pediatric hydrocephalic patients readmitted after the first procedure with symptoms and/or signs of intracranial hypertension and/or radiological evidence of increased ventricular dilation and/or occluded stoma on(More)