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The potential for carotenoids to modulate chronic disease risk is currently under investigation, and renewed interest has been placed on achieving a better understanding of the mechanisms of action of carotenoids in biologic systems. Available data currently show that the antioxidant activity of these compounds may shift into prooxidant activity, depending(More)
Lycopene, a natural carotenoid found in tomato, has been reported to possess various health benefits, such as cardiovascular and cancer preventive properties. However, the experimental basis for such health benefits is not fully understood. One of the possible mechanisms for its protective activities is by down-regulation of the inflammatory response. That(More)
It has been suggested that lycopene, the major carotenoid found in tomato, exhibits health-beneficial effects by virtue of its antioxidant activity. However, recent literature suggests that lycopene can actually "perform" roles independent of such capacity and involving a direct modulation of redox signalling. Reactive oxygen species are known to act as(More)
n-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) inhibit the development of microvessels in mammary tumors growing in mice. Human colorectal tumors produce vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) whose expression is up-regulated in tumor cells by both cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and PGE(2) and directly correlated to neoangiogenesis and clinical outcome. The goal of(More)
This is the first report demonstrating a relationship between apoptosis induction and changes of intracellular redox potential in the growth-inhibitory effects of high concentrations of beta-carotene in a tumor cell line. beta-Carotene inhibited the growth of human WiDr colon adenocarcinoma cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner, induced apoptosis, and(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Fish oil supplementation can reduce cytokinetic anomalies in the flat rectal mucosa of patients with sporadic colorectal adenoma. This study attempted to identify an optimum dose for fish oil supplementation and evaluate the persistence of its effects during long-term administration. METHODS In a double-blind study, 60 patients with(More)
It is now well accepted that oxysterols play important roles in the formation of atherosclerotic plaque, involving cytotoxic, pro-oxidant and proinflammatory processes. It has been recently suggested that tomato lycopene may act as a preventive agent in atherosclerosis, although the exact mechanism of such a protection is not clarified. The main aim of this(More)
The effect of individual administration of low doses of highly purified eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (1 g/kg body weight) on the growth of Morris hepatocarcinoma 3924A transplanted in ACI/T rats was investigated. Both EPA and DHA inhibited growth of the hepatocarcinoma (50% reduction of tumor weight or volume at the 19th day(More)
The effects of the partial pressure of oxygen (pO2) on antioxidant efficiency of beta-carotene in inhibiting 2,2'-azobis(2-amindinopropane) (AAPH)-induced lipid peroxidation are investigated in rat liver microsomal membranes. The rate of peroxyl radicals generated by thermolysis of AAPH at 37 degrees C is markedly higher at 150 than 760 mm Hg pO2. At 150 mm(More)