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Rat liver microsomal lipids in hexane solution were exposed to the lipid-soluble radical initiator, azobis-isobutyronitrile (AIBN), and the antioxidant activities of alpha-tocopherol and beta-carotene have been compared. Lipid peroxidation was monitored both by conjugated diene formation at 233 nm, and by malondialdehyde (MDA) formation in the(More)
The potential for carotenoids to modulate chronic disease risk is currently under investigation, and renewed interest has been placed on achieving a better understanding of the mechanisms of action of carotenoids in biologic systems. Available data currently show that the antioxidant activity of these compounds may shift into prooxidant activity, depending(More)
Lycopene, a natural carotenoid found in tomato, has been reported to possess various health benefits, such as cardiovascular and cancer preventive properties. However, the experimental basis for such health benefits is not fully understood. One of the possible mechanisms for its protective activities is by down-regulation of the inflammatory response. That(More)
It has been suggested that lycopene, the major carotenoid found in tomato, exhibits health-beneficial effects by virtue of its antioxidant activity. However, recent literature suggests that lycopene can actually "perform" roles independent of such capacity and involving a direct modulation of redox signalling. Reactive oxygen species are known to act as(More)
n-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) inhibit the development of microvessels in mammary tumors growing in mice. Human colorectal tumors produce vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) whose expression is up-regulated in tumor cells by both cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and PGE(2) and directly correlated to neoangiogenesis and clinical outcome. The goal of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Fish oil supplementation can reduce cytokinetic anomalies in the flat rectal mucosa of patients with sporadic colorectal adenoma. This study attempted to identify an optimum dose for fish oil supplementation and evaluate the persistence of its effects during long-term administration. METHODS In a double-blind study, 60 patients with(More)
The effect of individual administration of low doses of highly purified eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (1 g/kg body weight) on the growth of Morris hepatocarcinoma 3924A transplanted in ACI/T rats was investigated. Both EPA and DHA inhibited growth of the hepatocarcinoma (50% reduction of tumor weight or volume at the 19th day(More)
This is the first report demonstrating a relationship between apoptosis induction and changes of intracellular redox potential in the growth-inhibitory effects of high concentrations of beta-carotene in a tumor cell line. beta-Carotene inhibited the growth of human WiDr colon adenocarcinoma cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner, induced apoptosis, and(More)
The possibility of a cooperative interaction between fat-soluble antioxidants is examined in a membrane model. A combination of beta-carotene and alpha-tocopherol results in an inhibition of lipid peroxidation significantly greater than the sum of the individual inhibitions. Our data provide the first evidence that beta-carotene can act synergistically with(More)