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Soft tissues exhibit a nonlinear, essentially incompressible (visco-) elastic response; a key issue is the active nature of muscle fibres, in other words their ability to contract and relax in response to biochemical signals. Here we present a continuum model able to describe an active elastic medium.
The aim of this study is to investigate human left ventricular heart morphological changes in time among 17 healthy subjects. Preliminarily, 2 patients with volumetric overload due to aortic insufficiency were added to our analyses. We propose a special strategy to compare the shape, orientation and size of cardiac cycle's morphological trajectories in… (More)
The assessment of left ventricular shape changes during cardiac revolution may be a new step in clinical cardiology to ease early diagnosis and treatment. To quantify these changes, only point registration was adopted and neither Generalized Procrustes Analysis nor Principal Component Analysis were applied as we did previously to study a group of healthy… (More)
We present a reduced–order heart model with the aim of introducing a novel point of view in the interpretation of the pressure–volume loops. The novelty of the approach is based on the definition of active contraction as opposed to that of active stress. The consequences of the assumption are discussed with reference to a specific pressure-volume loop… (More)
The analysis of full Left Atrium (LA) deformation and whole LA deformational trajectory in time has been poorly investigated and, to the best of our knowledge, seldom discussed in patients with Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy. Therefore, we considered 22 patients with Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) and 46 healthy subjects, investigated them by… (More)
In this paper we are presenting a method for achieving strain analysis of cardiac tissues from 3D ultrasound images. First of all, the left ventricle was segmented by an iterative snake algorithm which exploits the gradient vector flow field estimated from the 3D images. Once the ventricle was segmented, a set of points located on the external surface of… (More)
We describe swelling-driven curving in originally straight and non-homogeneous beams. We present and verify a structural model of swollen beams, based on a new point of view adopted to describe swelling-induced deformation processes in bilayered gel beams, that is based on the split of the swelling-induced deformation of the beam at equilibrium into two… (More)