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Nucleophosmin (NPM) is a nucleolar phosphoprotein that binds the tumor suppressors p53 and p19(Arf) and is thought to be indispensable for ribogenesis, cell proliferation, and survival after DNA damage. The NPM gene is the most frequent target of genetic alterations in leukemias and lymphomas, though its role in tumorigenesis is unknown. We report here the(More)
Mitochondrial function requires coordination of two genomes for protein biogenesis, efficient quality control mechanisms, and appropriate distribution of the organelles within the cell. How these mechanisms are integrated is currently not understood. Loss of the Clu1/CluA homologue (CLUH) gene led to clustering of the mitochondrial network by an unknown(More)
The mitochondrial m-AAA protease has a crucial role in axonal development and maintenance. Human mitochondria possess two m-AAA protease isoenzymes: a hetero-oligomeric complex, composed of paraplegin and AFG3L2 (Afg3 like 2), and a homo-oligomeric AFG3L2 complex. Loss of function of paraplegin (encoded by the SPG7 gene) causes hereditary spastic(More)
One third of acute myeloid leukemias (AMLs) are characterized by the aberrant cytoplasmic localization of nucleophosmin (NPM) due to mutations within its putative nucleolar localization signal. NPM mutations are mutually exclusive with major AML-associated chromosome rearrangements and are frequently associated with a normal karyotype, suggesting that they(More)
Nucleophosmin (NPM) is a nucleus-cytoplasmic shuttling protein that is implicated in centrosome duplication, cell cycle progression and stress response. At the steady state, NPM localizes mainly in the nucleolus, where it forms a complex with different cellular proteins. One-third of acute myeloid leukemias (AML) are characterized by aberrant cytoplasmic(More)
Mutations in the AFG3L2 gene have been linked to spinocerebellar ataxia type 28 and spastic ataxia-neuropathy syndrome in humans; however, the pathogenic mechanism is still unclear. AFG3L2 encodes a subunit of the mitochondrial m-AAA protease, previously implicated in quality control of misfolded inner mitochondrial membrane proteins and in regulatory(More)
NOTCH signaling suppresses tumor growth and proliferation in several types of stratified epithelia. Here, we show that missense mutations in NOTCH1 and NOTCH2 found in human bladder cancers result in loss of function. In murine models, genetic ablation of the NOTCH pathway accelerated bladder tumorigenesis and promoted the formation of squamous cell(More)
Several statistical and empirical approaches have been proposed to select the multiexponential equation that best describes the time course of the plasma concentration of a drug. Recently, a new criterion (Ip) has been proposed according to which the model that best interprets a set of experimental data points is the one with the smallest area between the(More)
OBJECTIVES Previous studies have suggested an important role of the transcription factor Gata6 in endocrine pancreas, while GATA6 haploinsufficient inactivating mutations cause pancreatic agenesis in humans. We aimed to analyse the effects of Gata6 inactivation on pancreas development and function. DESIGN We deleted Gata6 in all epithelial cells in the(More)
Fusion and fission of mitochondria maintain the functional integrity of mitochondria and protect against neurodegeneration, but how mitochondrial dysfunctions trigger neuronal loss remains ill-defined. Prohibitins form large ring complexes in the inner membrane that are composed of PHB1 and PHB2 subunits and are thought to function as membrane scaffolds. In(More)