Paola Manduca

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Conditions have been defined for promoting growth and differentiation of hypertrophic chondrocytes obtained in culture starting from chick embryo tibiae. Hypertrophic chondrocytes, grown in suspension culture as described (Castagnola P., G. Moro, F. Descalzi Cancedda, and R. Cancedda. 1986. J. Cell Biol. 102:2310-2317), when they reached the stage of single(More)
Metalloproteinase MT1-MMP is induced and Pro-MMP-2 up modulated early in rat preosteoblasts (ROB) set to differentiate. We here show that the induction of MMPs, accompanied by activation of Pro-MMP-2, occurs by 6 h of adhesion on endogenous extracellular matrix (ECM), Fibronectin (FN) and Collagen type I (CI). These events do not occur after adhesion on(More)
Since 2003, congenital malformations have increased to account for 15% of all births in Fallujah, Iraq. Congenital heart defects have the highest incidence, followed by neural tube defects. Similar birth defects were reported in other populations exposed to war contaminants. While the causes of increased prevalence of birth defects are under investigation,(More)
Expression of progesterone receptors (PR) was studied in human osteoblast-like cell lines and primary human osteoblast cultures at the molecular level. Using the sensitive reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and oligonucleotide primers which flank the progesterone-binding domain of human PR, progesterone receptor (PR) mRNA was detected(More)
Prostate carcinoma (PRCA) cells metastasize to the skeleton with high frequency. Bone stores growth regulatory factors, which are released in active form during bone remodeling. We propose that bone cell-derived growth factors may induce the development of PRCA bone metastasis by recruiting tumor cells and increasing their proliferation in the bone(More)
This study describes the adhesion of human osteoblasts, cultured in vitro, to proteins of the extracellular matrix, the biosynthesis of integrins, their topography and organization in focal contacts. The adhesion of osteoblasts to laminin, type I collagen, vitronectin and fibronectin was 77-100%, in 2 h and at 55 nM substrata concentration, and it was(More)
We report the establishment in vitro of three-dimensional (3D) cultures of human osteoblasts (hOB) derived from normal adults and supported uniquely by the extracellular matrix (ECM) they deposit. Osteoblasts were cultured in 3D cultures in vitro for up to 120 days. The 3D cultures, examined at 25, 31, and 48 days, expressed protein markers of osteoblastic(More)
During the second phase of osteogenesis in vitro, rat osteoblasts secrete inducer(s) of chemotaxis and chemoinvasion of endothelial and tumor cells. We report here the characterization and purification from mature osteoblast conditioned medium of the agent chemotactic for endothelial cells. The chemoactive conditioned medium specifically induces directional(More)
The COOH-terminal fragment of procollagen type I (C3) is produced in tissues with high synthesis of collagen I, such as in breast cancer stroma and in bone. We previously demonstrated that C3 is chemoattractant for breast carcinoma and endothelial cells, and that in tumor cells it induces expression and activation of metalloproteinases (MMP) -2 and -9. Here(More)
The COOH terminal peptide of Pro-collagen type I (PICP, also called C3) is chemotactic for endothelial melanoma and breast cancer cells. PICP induces the expression of Metalloproteinases-2 and -9, of Vascular endothelial growth factor and of the chemokine CXCL-12 receptor CXCR4 in MDA MB231 breast carcinoma cells in vitro. We used a model of xenografts in(More)