Learn More
Conditions have been defined for promoting growth and differentiation of hypertrophic chondrocytes obtained in culture starting from chick embryo tibiae. Hypertrophic chondrocytes, grown in suspension culture as described (Castagnola P., G. Moro, F. Descalzi Cancedda, and R. Cancedda. 1986. J. Cell Biol. 102:2310-2317), when they reached the stage of single(More)
Expression of progesterone receptors (PR) was studied in human osteoblast-like cell lines and primary human osteoblast cultures at the molecular level. Using the sensitive reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and oligonucleotide primers which flank the progesterone-binding domain of human PR, progesterone receptor (PR) mRNA was detected(More)
This study describes the adhesion of human osteoblasts, cultured in vitro, to proteins of the extracellular matrix, the biosynthesis of integrins, their topography and organization in focal contacts. The adhesion of osteoblasts to laminin, type I collagen, vitronectin and fibronectin was 77-100%, in 2 h and at 55 nM substrata concentration, and it was(More)
Prostate carcinoma (PRCA) cells metastasize to the skeleton with high frequency. Bone stores growth regulatory factors, which are released in active form during bone remodeling. We propose that bone cell-derived growth factors may induce the development of PRCA bone metastasis by recruiting tumor cells and increasing their proliferation in the bone(More)
Since 2003, congenital malformations have increased to account for 15% of all births in Fallujah, Iraq. Congenital heart defects have the highest incidence, followed by neural tube defects. Similar birth defects were reported in other populations exposed to war contaminants. While the causes of increased prevalence of birth defects are under investigation,(More)
When transferred to suspension culture on agarose-coated dishes, dedifferentiated chick embryo chondrocytes resume the chondrocyte phenotype and continue their maturation to hypertrophic chondrocytes (Castagnola, P., G. Moro, F. Descalzi Cancedda, and R. Cancedda. 1986. J. Cell Biol. 102:2310-2317). In this paper we report the identification, purification,(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated the extent, modalities and reversibility of changes at cellular level in the expression of genes and proteins occurring upon Hind limb unloading (HU) in the tibiae of young C57BL/6J male mice. We focused on the effects of HU in chondrogenic, osteogenic, and marrow mesenchymal cells. METHODS We analyzed for expression of genes(More)
Metalloproteinase MT1-MMP is induced and Pro-MMP-2 up modulated early in rat preosteoblasts (ROB) set to differentiate. We here show that the induction of MMPs, accompanied by activation of Pro-MMP-2, occurs by 6 h of adhesion on endogenous extracellular matrix (ECM), Fibronectin (FN) and Collagen type I (CI). These events do not occur after adhesion on(More)
We reported the identification, purification and characterization of a low molecular weight protein (Ch 21) expressed in vitro by differentiating chondrocytes at a late stage of development and observed in vivo in the growth plate region of the long bones at the border between hypertrophic cartilage and newly formed bone (Descalzi Cancedda, F., P. Manduca,(More)