Paola Magotti

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In vitro data have suggested that activation of the inducible T-cell kinase (ITK) requires an interaction with the adaptor protein SLP-76. One means for this interaction involves binding of the ITK SH3 domain to the polyproline-rich (PR) region of SLP-76. However, the biological significance of this association in live cells and the consequences of its(More)
BACKGROUND Chondroitin sulfate (CS) is a glycosaminoglycan released by activated platelets. OBJECTIVE Here we test the hypothesis that CS released by activated platelets can trigger complement activation in the fluid phase. METHODS AND RESULTS Thrombin receptor-activating peptide (TRAP)-6 was used to activate platelets in platelet-rich plasma and blood,(More)
Although human mast cells express G protein coupled receptors for the anaphylatoxin C3a, previous studies indicated that C3a causes mast cell degranulation, at least in part, via a C3a receptor-independent mechanism similar to that proposed for polycationic molecules such as compound 48/80. The purpose of the present study was to delineate the receptor(More)
To provide insight into bacterial suppression of complement-mediated immunity, we present here structures of a bacterial complement inhibitory protein, both free and bound to its complement target. The 1.25-Å structure of the complement component C3–inhibitory domain of Staphylococcus aureus extracellular fibrinogen-binding protein (Efb-C) demonstrated a(More)
Neutrophils and complement are key sentinels of innate immunity and mediators of acute inflammation. Recent studies have suggested that inflammatory processes modulate thrombogenic pathways. To date, the potential cross-talk between innate immunity and thrombosis and the precise molecular pathway by which complement and neutrophils trigger the coagulation(More)
Beyond its role in immunity, complement mediates a wide range of functions in the context of morphogenetic or tissue remodeling processes. Angiogenesis is crucial during tissue remodeling in multiple pathologies; however, the knowledge about the regulation of neovascularization by the complement components is scarce. Here we studied the involvement of(More)
Crosstalk between complement and Toll-like receptors (TLRs) coordinates innate immunity. We report a previously unknown immune subversion mechanism involving microbial exploitation of communication between complement and TLRs. Porphyromonas gingivalis, a major oral and systemic pathogen with complement C5 convertase-like activity, synergizes with C5a(More)
Tryptophans at positions 4 and 7 of compstatin, a peptide complement inhibitor, are crucial for its interaction with C3. However, the nature of their involvement has not been studied to date. Here we investigate the molecular forces involved in the C3-compstatin interactions, mediated by aromatic residues, by incorporating in these two positions various(More)
Transplants from alpha1,3-galactosyltransferase (Gal) gene-knockout pigs to nonhuman primates are largely protected from hyperacute but not acute humoral xenograft rejection. The present study investigates the role of Gal in cytokine responses using a novel pig-to-human whole blood in vitro model, developed for species-specific analysis of porcine and human(More)
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is characterized by the presence of fibrin-rich inflammatory exudates in the intra-alveolar spaces and the extensive migration of neutrophils into alveoli of the lungs. Tissue factor (TF)-dependent procoagulant properties of bronchoalveaolar lavage fluid (BALF) obtained from ARDS patients favor fibrin deposition,(More)