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Human placental syncytiotrophoblast is the main barrier for materno-fetal exchange. Analysis of transplacental transport involves the study of ion channels in both the maternal-facing microvillous membrane (MVM) and the fetal-facing basal membrane (BM). Difficulties in having access to intact placenta with conventional electrophysiological methods favour(More)
Chloride transport involving conductive pathways participates in numerous epithelial functions, such as membrane voltage maintenance, solute transport and cell volume regulation. Evidence points to involvement of transepithelial chloride transport in such functions in placental syncytiotrophoblast. A molecular candidate for physiologic conductive chloride(More)
α-Linolenic (ALA) and linoleic (LA) acids are precursors of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs), FAs with important biochemical and physiological functions. In this process, desaturation reactions catalyzed by Δ5- and Δ6-desaturase play a major role, enzymes that are subjected to hormonal and dietary regulation. The aim of this study was to(More)
Non-selective cation channels have been identified in the plasma membranes of many different cells. Previous research using fluorescent techniques has demonstrated the presence of cation conductances in membranes from human trophoblast. The purpose of this work was to explore, by electrophysiological methods, a non-selective cation channel in apical(More)
Puroindoline-a (PIN-a) and alpha1-purothionin (alpha1-PTH), isolated from wheat endosperm of Triticum aestivum sp., have been suggested to play a role in plant defence mechanisms against phytopathogenic organisms. We investigated their ability to form pores when incorporated into giant liposomes using the patch-clamp technique. PIN-a formed cationic(More)
Insulin resistance is defined as a reduced ability of insulin to stimulate glucose utilization. C57BL/6 mice fed with a high-fat diet (HFD) are a model of insulin resistance. In skeletal muscle, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) produced by NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2) is involved in signaling pathways triggered by insulin. We evaluated oxidative status in skeletal muscle(More)
Insulin signaling includes generation of low levels of H2O2; however, its origin and contribution to insulin-stimulated glucose transport are unknown. We tested the impact of H2O2 on insulin-dependent glucose transport and GLUT4 translocation in skeletal muscle cells. H2O2 increased the translocation of GLUT4 with an exofacial Myc-epitope tag between the(More)
A considerable body of evidence exists implicating high levels of free saturated fatty acids in beta pancreatic cell death, although the molecular mechanisms and the signaling pathways involved have not been clearly defined. The membrane protein caveolin-1 has long been implicated in cell death, either by sensitizing to or directly inducing apoptosis and it(More)
The syncytiotrophoblast separates the maternal and fetal blood and constitutes the primary barrier for maternal-fetal transport. The Maxi-chloride channel from the apical membrane of the syncytiotrophoblast plays a role in the chloride conductance. Annexins can play an important role in the regulation of membrane events. In this study we evaluate the role(More)