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The application of methods based on in situ hybridization to centromeric regions to cytokinesis-blocked cells provides a convenient way for the analysis of chromosome segregation in interphase cells. In this way, the reciprocal segregation patterns in daughter nuclei can be visualized and most of the problems related to the artefactual loss or gain of(More)
The chromosome malsegregation pattern produced by the spindle poisons vinblastine (VBL) and colchicine (COL) in human lymphocytes was investigated. For this purpose, the fluorescence in situ hybridization with centromeric DNA probes for chromosomes X and 1 was applied to cell cultures treated with cytochalasin B, a cytokinesis-blocking agent. With this(More)
Chromosomal lagging and non-disjunction are the main mechanisms of chromosomal malsegregation at mitosis. To date, the relative importance of these two events in the genesis of spontaneous or induced aneuploidy has not been fully elucidated. A methodology based on in situ hybridization with centromeric probes in binucleated lymphocytes was previously(More)
Molecular cytogenetic methods were applied to investigate the effect of the occupational exposure to low concentrations of benzene and petroleum fuels on genomic stability. Twelve male gasoline station attendants (average benzene exposure of 0.32 mg/m3 as 8h TWA) and 12 age- and smoking-matched unexposed controls were selected for the study. The incidence(More)
Workers in the petroleum distribution trades experience relatively high-level exposures to fuel vapours whose consequences have not been fully elucidated. In this study, the possible relationship between occupational exposure to petroleum fuels and cytogenetic damages in peripheral lymphocytes was investigated. Twenty-three male, non-smoking workers from(More)
A methodology for the simultaneous detection of chromosome loss and gain in mammalian cells has been developed which is based upon the analysis of chromosome distribution in daughter nuclei of binucleated human lymphocytes. X-chromosome distribution was followed by in situ hybridization, using a commercial biotinylated DNA probe specific for the centromeric(More)
Gene-environment interactions play an important role in folate metabolism, with a potential impact on human health. Deficiencies in the uptake of key micronutrients and variant genotypes can affect the folic acid cycle, modulating methyl group transfer in key processes and leading to increased cancer risk and Down syndrome incidence. So far, the(More)
Vanadium compounds are able to interact with living cells exerting a variety of biological effects. The pentavalent form is the most stable and toxic form of the element. In systems in vitro pentavalent vanadium is an effective genotoxic agent, inducing DNA damage and chromosome malsegregation at low doses. On the other hand, no adequate in vivo data are(More)
Ten halogenated aliphatic hydrocarbons (carbon tetrachloride, 1-chlorohexane, 2,3-dichlorobutane, 1,2-dichloroethane, 1,2-dichloroethylene, 1,3-dichloropropane, hexachloroethane, 1,1,2-trichloroethane, 1,2,3-trichloropropane and 1,1,3-trichloropropene), previously assayed in genetic assays in fungi, were evaluated in the mouse bone marrow micronucleus test(More)
Chromosome malsegregation in peripheral blood lymphocytes of 24 healthy male subjects was analysed by means of fluorescence in situ hybridization with centromeric probes of chromosomes 7, 11, 18 and X. On the basis of the distribution of centromeric signals in cytokinesis-blocked cells, both loss (leading to centromere-positive micronuclei) and(More)