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Several evidences suggest that cancer cells have abnormal cholesterol biosynthetic pathways and prenylation of small guanosine triphosphatase proteins. Tomato lycopene has been suggested to have beneficial effects against certain types of cancer, including that of prostate, although the exact molecular mechanism(s) is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that(More)
To investigate the possibility that canthaxanthin inhibits cancer cell growth by inducing apoptosis, human WiDr colon adenocarcinoma and SK-MEL-2 melanoma cells were treated with two different doses of the carotenoid for 48 h. Canthaxanthin was incorporated and/or associated to cells. The treatment with the carotenoid caused growth inhibition in both cell(More)
Modulation of epitope-specific immune responses would represent a major addition to available therapeutic options for many autoimmune diseases. The objective of this work was to induce immune deviation by mucosal peptide-specific immunotherapy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, and to dissect the related immunological mechanisms by using a technology(More)
Murine monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) M38 and L31 define two epitopes of a surface protein of activated lymphocytes and monocytes. It has been shown that M38 also defines a crossreactive epitope of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gp120 (Beretta et al., 1987. Eur. J. Immunol. 17: 1793). The mAb inhibits syncytia formation driven by HIV-1-infected(More)
BACKGROUND In many primary tumors, parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) and PTHrP type 1 receptor (PTH1R) are coexpressed, supporting the possibility that PTHrP/PTH1R system can mediate important signals for tumor progression through paracrine/autocrine mechanisms. In non-small cell lung carcinoma the clinical relevance of the expression of PTH1R(More)
The ubiquitously expressed RNA-binding protein Hu antigen (HuR) participates in the post-transcriptional regulation of mRNAs bearing U- and AU-rich sequences. Expression of HuR is increased in cancers of the breast, colon, ovary and lung and cytoplasmic immunoreactivity for HuR was found to be closely related to poor outcomes in patients with these tumors.(More)
Although several mechanisms have been proposed to explain the putative role of beta-carotene in cancer, no studies have investigated a possible influence of beta-carotene on caveolin-1 (cav-1) pathway, an important intracellular signaling deregulated in cancer. Here, different human colon and prostate cancer cell lines, expressing (HCT-116, PC-3 cells) or(More)
Quercetin and tamoxifen, in a range of concentrations between 0.01 and 5 microM, exert a dose-dependent inhibition on the anchorage-dependent and anchorage-independent cell growth of Hep2 and CO-K3 laryngeal cancer cell lines. Cell cycle analysis revealed that the growth-inhibitory effect was associated with a block of the cells at the G2/M checkpoint of(More)
This is the first report demonstrating a relationship between apoptosis induction and changes of intracellular redox potential in the growth-inhibitory effects of high concentrations of beta-carotene in a tumor cell line. beta-Carotene inhibited the growth of human WiDr colon adenocarcinoma cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner, induced apoptosis, and(More)
Immunocytochemical studies have revealed that 10 microM quercetin reduced the steady state levels of p21-ras proteins in both colon cancer cell lines and primary colorectal tumors. These findings were confirmed by Western blot and flow cytometric analysis showing that the inhibition of p21-ras expression by quercetin was time- and concentration-dependent.(More)