Learn More
This is the first report demonstrating a relationship between apoptosis induction and changes of intracellular redox potential in the growth-inhibitory effects of high concentrations of beta-carotene in a tumor cell line. beta-Carotene inhibited the growth of human WiDr colon adenocarcinoma cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner, induced apoptosis, and(More)
BACKGROUND In many primary tumors, parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) and PTHrP type 1 receptor (PTH1R) are coexpressed, supporting the possibility that PTHrP/PTH1R system can mediate important signals for tumor progression through paracrine/autocrine mechanisms. In non-small cell lung carcinoma the clinical relevance of the expression of PTH1R(More)
Modulation of epitope-specific immune responses would represent a major addition to available therapeutic options for many autoimmune diseases. The objective of this work was to induce immune deviation by mucosal peptide-specific immunotherapy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, and to dissect the related immunological mechanisms by using a technology(More)
Several evidences suggest that cancer cells have abnormal cholesterol biosynthetic pathways and prenylation of small guanosine triphosphatase proteins. Tomato lycopene has been suggested to have beneficial effects against certain types of cancer, including that of prostate, although the exact molecular mechanism(s) is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that(More)
To investigate the possibility that canthaxanthin inhibits cancer cell growth by inducing apoptosis, human WiDr colon adenocarcinoma and SK-MEL-2 melanoma cells were treated with two different doses of the carotenoid for 48 h. Canthaxanthin was incorporated and/or associated to cells. The treatment with the carotenoid caused growth inhibition in both cell(More)
Immunocytochemical studies have revealed that 10 microM quercetin reduced the steady state levels of p21-ras proteins in both colon cancer cell lines and primary colorectal tumors. These findings were confirmed by Western blot and flow cytometric analysis showing that the inhibition of p21-ras expression by quercetin was time- and concentration-dependent.(More)
Human lymphocyte CD4 becomes undetectable in the presence of exogenous gangliosides (CD4 masking), as originally described by Offner et al. (J. Immunol. 1987. 139: 3295). CD4 masking is apparently due to in situ rearrangement of the glycoprotein; since no direct binding of ganglioside to CD4 could be demonstrated, it was suggested that the effect could be(More)
Several advantages may derive from the use of dietary supplements containing multiple natural antioxidants and/or anti-inflammatory agents. At present, however, there is scarce information on the properties and potential of combined supplements. To fill the gap, the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities exerted by a combination of seven natural(More)
T cell activation is associated with active clustering of relevant molecules in membrane microdomains defined as the supramolecular activation cluster. The contact area between these regions on the surface of T cells and APC is defined as the immunological synapse. It has been recently shown that preclustering of MHC-peptide complexes in membrane(More)
Human parathyroid hormone-related protein (hPTHrP), identified in patients with paraneoplastic hypercalcemia and expressed by different cell types during development and adult life, plays important roles in many human neoplasms. Immunohistochemical and RT-PCR analyses of hPTHrP and human parathyroid hormone receptor type 1 (PTHR-1) in primary(More)