Paola Guariglia

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To compare numeric quantities, humans make use of a 'mental number line' with smaller quantities located to the left of larger ones; it is unclear, however, whether orienting along the number line is like orienting along a physical line. We found that in brain-damaged subjects with defective leftward orienting, rightward deviation in the bisection of(More)
We used a visual distance reproduction task (endpoint task) to evaluate horizontal space representation in two left brain damaged (LBD) and three right brain damaged (RBD) patients with contralateral homonymous hemianopia and no neglect. All patients were examined in the chronic phase of the stroke and were aware of their visual field defect. Along with(More)
Over the past decade mind and body practices, such as yoga and meditation, have raised interest in different scientific fields; in particular, the physiological mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects observed in meditators have been investigated. Neuroimaging studies have studied the effects of meditation on brain structure and function and findings(More)
Peripheral vestibular organs feed the central nervous system with inputs favoring the correct perception of space during head and body motion. Applying temporal order judgments (TOJs) to pairs of simultaneous or asynchronous stimuli presented in the left and right egocentric space, we evaluated the influence of leftward and rightward vestibular rotatory(More)
Patients with left unilateral neglect bisect long horizontal lines to the right of the true centre. However, when given short lines, many of the same patients mark the midpoint to the left of the true centre, towards the otherwise neglected space. This paradoxical phenomenon has been termed 'cross-over' and is difficult to explain based on current accounts(More)
In the present study we analysed the bisecting behaviour of 287 chronic right brain-damaged patients by taking into account the presence and severity of extrapersonal and/or personal neglect diagnosed with the hemineglect battery. We also analysed right brain-damaged patients who had (or did not have) neglect according to their line bisection performance.(More)
A patient with right sided brain damage suffered contralesional neglect, inferior quadrantanopia (with 0 degrees sparing in the left eye and 13 degrees sparing in the right), and a visual field restriction (to 15 degrees ) in the upper contralesional quadrant of the left eye. In binocular vision, the patient showed underestimation of the horizontal size of(More)
Cognitive reserve (CR) has been defined as the ability to optimize or maximize performance through differential recruitment of brain networks. In the present study, we aimed at providing evidence for a consistent brain network underpinning CR in healthy and pathological aging. To pursue this aim, we performed a coordinate-based meta-analysis of 17(More)
Humans map numbers upon a mental number line (MNL) on which small integers are placed to the left of larger ones [1-9]. Here, we show that human adults systematically shift the subjective midpoints of number intervals away from the borders separating contiguous tens along the MNL. Number intervals are erroneously bisected further to the right the closer(More)