Paola Guariglia

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To compare numeric quantities, humans make use of a 'mental number line' with smaller quantities located to the left of larger ones; it is unclear, however, whether orienting along the number line is like orienting along a physical line. We found that in brain-damaged subjects with defective leftward orienting, rightward deviation in the bisection of(More)
We used a visual distance reproduction task (endpoint task) to evaluate horizontal space representation in two left brain damaged (LBD) and three right brain damaged (RBD) patients with contralateral homonymous hemianopia and no neglect. All patients were examined in the chronic phase of the stroke and were aware of their visual field defect. Along with(More)
Peripheral vestibular organs feed the central nervous system with inputs favoring the correct perception of space during head and body motion. Applying temporal order judgments (TOJs) to pairs of simultaneous or asynchronous stimuli presented in the left and right egocentric space, we evaluated the influence of leftward and rightward vestibular rotatory(More)
Humans map numbers upon a mental number line (MNL) on which small integers are placed to the left of larger ones [1-9]. Here, we show that human adults systematically shift the subjective midpoints of number intervals away from the borders separating contiguous tens along the MNL. Number intervals are erroneously bisected further to the right the closer(More)
The aim of the present study was to verify if gender differences in verbal and visuo-spatial working memory would persist following right cerebral lesions. To pursue our aim we investigated a large sample (n. 346) of right brain-damaged patients and healthy participants (n. 272) for the presence of gender effects in performing Corsi and Digit Test. We also(More)
Cognitive reserve (CR) has been defined as the ability to optimize or maximize performance through differential recruitment of brain networks. In the present study, we aimed at providing evidence for a consistent brain network underpinning CR in healthy and pathological aging. To pursue this aim, we performed a coordinate-based meta-analysis of 17(More)
The idea that modifications of affect, behavior and cognition produced by psychotherapy are mediated by biological underpinnings predates the advent of the modern neurosciences. Recently, several studies demonstrated that psychotherapy outcomes are linked to modifications in specific brain regions. This opened the debate over the similarities and(More)
Over the past decade mind and body practices, such as yoga and meditation, have raised interest in different scientific fields; in particular, the physiological mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects observed in meditators have been investigated. Neuroimaging studies have studied the effects of meditation on brain structure and function and findings(More)
The "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" test was developed by Baron-Cohen and his co-workers. This test provides them the unique opportunity to evaluate social cognition assessing the ability to recognize the mental state of others using only the expressions around the eyes. In healthy populations, however, it has produced conflicting results, particularly(More)
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