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Hirschsprung disease (HSCR, aganglionic megacolon) represents the main genetic cause of functional intestinal obstruction with an incidence of 1/5000 live births. This developmental disorder is a neurocristopathy and is characterised by the absence of the enteric ganglia along a variable length of the intestine. In the last decades, the development of(More)
The major gene for Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) encodes the receptor tyrosine kinase RET. In a study of 690 European- and 192 Chinese-descent probands and their parents or controls, we demonstrate the ubiquity of a >4-fold susceptibility from a C-->T allele (rs2435357: p = 3.9 x 10(-43) in European ancestry; p = 1.1 x 10(-21) in Chinese samples) that(More)
BACKGROUND Associated anomalies have been reported in around 20% of Hirschsprung patients but many Authors suggested a measure of underestimation. We therefore implemented a prospective observational study on 106 consecutive HSCR patients aimed at defining the percentage of associated anomalies and implementing a personalized and up-to-date diagnostic(More)
Post-transcriptional regulation plays a central role in cell differentiation and proliferation. Among the regulatory factors involved in this mechanism, Tristetraprolin (ZFP36 or TTP) is the prototype of a family of RNA-binding proteins that bind to adenylate and uridylate (AU)-rich sequences in the 3'UTR of mRNAs, which promotes their physiological decay.(More)
Bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (BAC) is a particular type of adenocarcinoma of the lung which accounts for up to 9 per cent of pulmonary malignancies. The aetiology and pathogenesis of this unique neoplastic disease are still unclear. Three histological subtypes of BAC have been recognized: mucinous, non-mucinous, and sclerosing. Of these, mucinous and(More)
Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) is a common genetic disorder characterized by intestinal obstruction secondary to enteric aganglionosis. HSCR demonstrates a complex pattern of inheritance, with the RET proto-oncogene acting as a major gene and with several additional susceptibility loci related to the Ret-signaling pathway or to other developmental programs of(More)
The RET proto-oncogene is the major gene involved in the complex genetics of Hirschsprung disease (HSCR), or aganglionic megacolon, showing causative loss-of-function mutations in 15-30% of the sporadic cases. Several RET polymorphisms and haplotypes have been described in association with the disease, suggesting a role for this gene in HSCR predisposition,(More)
Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) is an inherited disorder characterised by absence of intrinsic ganglion cells in the distal gastrointestinal tract. Different susceptibility genes, involved in either the Ret-tyrosine kinase or the endothelin signalling pathways, contribute to HSCR phenotype. Interestingly, alterations of these genes are detected in only 30-50%(More)
Most melanoma cells are characterized by the V600E mutation in B-Raf kinase. This mutation leads to increased expression of interleukin (CXCL8), which plays a key role in cell growth and angiogenesis. Thus CXCL8 appears to be an interesting therapeutic target. Hence, we performed vaccination of mice with GST-CXCL8, which results in a reduced incidence of(More)