Paola Gramatica

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This article provides an overview of methods for reliability assessment of quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models in the context of regulatory acceptance of human health and environmental QSARs. Useful diagnostic tools and data analytical approaches are highlighted and exemplified. Particular emphasis is given to the question of how to(More)
For a predictive assessment of the aquatic toxicity of chemical mixtures, two competing concepts are available: concentration addition and independent action. Concentration addition is generally regarded as a reasonable expectation for the joint toxicity of similarly acting substances. In the opposite case of dissimilarly acting toxicants the choice of the(More)
The main utility of QSAR models is their ability to predict activities/properties for new chemicals, and this external prediction ability is evaluated by means of various validation criteria. As a measure for such evaluation the OECD guidelines have proposed the predictive squared correlation coefficient Q(2)(F1) (Shi et al.). However, other validation(More)
The evaluation of regression QSAR model performance, in fitting, robustness, and external prediction, is of pivotal importance. Over the past decade, different external validation parameters have been proposed: Q(F1)(2), Q(F2)(2), Q(F3)(2), r(m)(2), and the Golbraikh-Tropsha method. Recently, the concordance correlation coefficient (CCC, Lin), which simply(More)
Herbicidal s-triazines are widespread contaminants of surface waters. They are highly toxic to algae and other primary producers in aquatic systems. This results from their specific interference with photosynthetic electron transport. Risk assessment for aquatic biota has to consider situations of simultaneous exposure to various of these toxicants. In(More)
Soil sorption coefficients (K(OC)) of 185 non-ionic organic heterogeneous pesticides have been studied searching for quantitative structure-property relationships (QSPRs). The chemical description of pesticide structure has been made in terms of some molecular descriptors: count descriptors, topological indices, information indices, fragment-based(More)
Quantitative structure-activity relationship modeling is one of the major computational tools employed in medicinal chemistry. However, throughout its entire history it has drawn both praise and criticism concerning its reliability, limitations, successes, and failures. In this paper, we discuss (i) the development and evolution of QSAR; (ii) the current(More)
In a previous paper the theory of the new molecular descriptors called GETAWAY (GEometry, Topology, and Atom-Weights AssemblY) was explained. These descriptors have been proposed with the aim of matching 3D-molecular geometry, atom relatedness, and chemical information. In this paper prediction ability in structure-property correlations of GETAWAY(More)
In this paper, an accurate and reliable QSAR model of 87 selective ligands for the thyroid hormone receptor beta 1 (TRbeta1) was developed, based on theoretical molecular descriptors to predict the binding affinity of compounds with receptor. The structural characteristics of compounds were described wholly by a large amount of molecular structural(More)