Paola Gazzaniga

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Currently used methods to detect and enumerate circulating tumor cells (CTCs) rely on the expression of the epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) and cytokeratins. This selection may exclude cells that have undergone intrinsic modifications of their phenotype, as epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Aim of the study was to investigate the expression(More)
BACKGROUND We aimed to assess the clinical validity of circulating tumour cell (CTC) quantification for prognostication of patients with metastatic breast cancer by undertaking a pooled analysis of individual patient data. METHODS We contacted 51 European centres and asked them to provide reported and unreported anonymised data for individual patients(More)
Despite the large number of studies performed in solid tumors, few attempts at molecular detection of urothelial cells in blood have been made. Specifically, only uroplakin II (UP-II) and cytokeratin 20 (CK-20) have been suggested as tumor markers in the blood of bladder cancer patients. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mRNA expression was found in(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the prognostic significance of survivin in tumour tissues and that of survivin-expressing circulating tumour cells (CTCs) in T1G3 bladder tumours, as the prognosis of T1G3 bladder cancer is highly variable and unpredictable from clinical and pathological prognostic factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS The study included 54 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that progression of superficial bladder cancer may be regulated at the molecular level by a typical pattern of expression of genes involved in apoptosis. Recently LIVIN, belonging to the inhibitors of apoptosis (IAP) family, has been found to be expressed in most solid tumors, where its expression is suggested to have(More)
Tenascin C has been recently suggested as a tumor marker, however, its levels in serum has been evaluated only in patients with head and neck cancer and melanoma. In this study, we investigated Tenascin C expression in blood samples from colorectal and bladder cancer patients, compared to that of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), a known circulating(More)
OBJECTIVES In this study we investigate: 1) the role of multidrug resistance protein-4 (MRP4), an organic anion unidirectional transporter, in modulating aspirin action on human platelet cyclooxygenase (COX)-1; and 2) whether the impairment of aspirin-COX-1 interaction, found in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) patients, could be dependent on(More)
Circulating tumour cells (CTCs) are independent predictor of prognosis in metastatic breast cancer. Nevertheless, in one third of patients, circulating tumour cells are undetected by conventional methods. Aim of the study was to assess the prognostic value of circulating tumour cells expressing mesenchymal markers in metastatic breast cancer patients. We(More)
The prognosis of metastatic cancer patients is still largely affected by treatment failure, mainly due to drug resistance. The hypothesis that chemotherapy might miss circulating tumour cells (CTCs) and particularly a subpopulation of more aggressive, stem-like CTCs, characterized by multidrug resistance, has been recently raised. We investigated the(More)
The prognostic value associated with the detection of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in metastatic breast cancer by the CellSearch technology raise additional issues regarding the biological value of this information. We postulated that a drug-resistance profile of CTCs may predict response to chemotherapy in cancer patients and therefore could be used for(More)