Paola Gazzaniga

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Circulating tumour cells (CTCs) are independent predictor of prognosis in metastatic breast cancer. Nevertheless, in one third of patients, circulating tumour cells are undetected by conventional methods. Aim of the study was to assess the prognostic value of circulating tumour cells expressing mesenchymal markers in metastatic breast cancer patients. We(More)
The prognosis of metastatic cancer patients is still largely affected by treatment failure, mainly due to drug resistance. The hypothesis that chemotherapy might miss circulating tumour cells (CTCs) and particularly a subpopulation of more aggressive, stem-like CTCs, characterized by multidrug resistance, has been recently raised. We investigated the(More)
To date, 10 years after the first demonstration of circulating tumor cells (CTCs), prognostic significance in metastatic breast cancer using the US Food and Drug Administration-cleared system CellSearch(®), the potential utility of CTCs in early clinical development of drugs, their role as a surrogate marker of response to therapy, and their molecular(More)
Controversial results on the predictive value of programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) status in lung tumor tissue for response to immune checkpoint inhibitors do not allow for any conclusive consideration. Liquid biopsy might allow real-time sampling of patients for PD-L1 through the course of the disease. Twenty-four stage IV NSCLC patients included in the(More)
The identification of patients at higher risk of recurrence after primary colorectal cancer resection is currently one of the challenges facing medical oncologists. Circulating tumor cell (CTC) may represent a surrogate marker of an early spread of disease in patients without overt metastases. Thirty-seven high-risk stages II–III colorectal cancer patients(More)
Raloxifene (RAL), a selective estrogen receptor modulator, is indicated for the prevention and treatment of postmeno-pausal osteoporosis. RAL, by decreasing bone turnover, prevents bone loss and microarchitecture damage, reducing the incidence of osteoporotic fractures. Our previous in vitro data demonstrated that RAL modulates osteoclast activity by, at(More)
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