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We previously demonstrated that plasma of type 1 diabetic patients contains antibodies complexed irreversibly with Grp94 that also display proteolytic activity. In this work, we wanted to test whether antibodies obtained from diabetic plasma may convey an inflammatory risk on vascular cells. To this aim, IgG were purified on the Protein-G column from(More)
Previous observations showed that complexes of glucose-regulated protein94 (Grp94) with human IgG, both those isolated from plasma of diabetic subjects and complexes formed in vitro, displayed cytokine-like effects on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), including angiogenic-like transformation capacity that predicted an increased risk of(More)
While the mechanism by which Grp94 displays its chaperone function with client peptides in the cell has been elucidated extensively, much less is known about the nature and properties of how Grp94 can engage binding to proteins once it is exposed on the cell surface or liberated in the extra-cellular milieu, as occurs in pathological conditions. In this(More)
Glucose-regulated protein94 (Grp94) is the most represented endoplasmic reticulum-resident HSP with the unique property to modulate the immune response. This has opened the way to the use of Grp94 as effective therapeutic agent in both depressed and exaggerated activity of the immune system. We investigated the effect of native Grp94 on peripheral blood(More)
Glucose-regulated protein94 (Grp94), the most represented endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident heat shock protein (HSP), is a tumor antigen shared by different types of solid and hematological tumors. The tumor-specific feature of Grp94 is its translocation from the ER to the cell surface where it displays pro-oncogenic functions. This un-physiological(More)
The glucose-regulated protein94 (Grp94) has been found in complexes with IgG in plasma of Type 1 (T1) diabetic subjects; however, the pathogenetic meaning of Grp94-IgG complexes has not yet been elucidated. To shed light on the nature and structure of these complexes in vivo, we conducted a proteomic analysis on plasma of both T1 diabetic subjects and(More)
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