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The (Na+-K+)ATPase and (Mg2+)ATPase activities of erythrocyte membranes of Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetic patients were found to be significantly reduced compared to matched controls (p less than 0.005). On the contrary, erythrocyte Na+ and K+ contents were similar in diabetic patients and in normal subjects. When erythrocyte membranes from diabetic(More)
Plasma from insulin-dependent diabetics shows an increased ability to specifically activate the (Na-K)ATPase from different sources. Several protease inhibitors like phenyl methyl sulfonyl fluoride, trypsin inhibitor, antithrombin III and aprotinin, produced a significant dose-dependent inhibition of the stimulatory effect produced by a 1/100 final dilution(More)
Grp94 is the main endoplasmic reticulum-resident heat shock protein (HSP) that besides chaperoning native proteins, displays important modulatory effects on both the innate and adaptive immune response. Since the knowledge of a direct influence of Grp94 on the humoral response is lacking, in this work we tested the effect of Grp94 on Ig secretion from(More)
Although the Hsp90 chaperone family, comprised in humans of four paralogs, Hsp90α, Hsp90β, Grp94 and Trap-1, has important roles in malignancy, the contribution of each paralog to the cancer phenotype is poorly understood. This is in large part because reagents to study paralog-specific functions in cancer cells have been unavailable. Here we combine(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS The overall increase in proteolytic activity in diabetes is known to be associated with the development and progression of vascular complications. Our aim was to investigate in detail the molecular nature of this activity in the plasma of Type 1 diabetic subjects. METHODS Plasma of both diabetic and control subjects was subjected to(More)
Grp94 is involved in the regulation of a restricted number of proteins and represents a potential target in a host of diseases, including cancer, septic shock, autoimmune diseases, chronic inflammatory conditions, diabetes, coronary thrombosis, and stroke. We have recently identified a novel allosteric pocket located in the Grp94 N-terminal binding site(More)
Canrenone, a spironolactone metabolite, was tested for its possible effects on (Na+-K+) adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) activity [Mg++-dependent, (Na+-K+)-activated ATP phosphohydrolase (E.C. and ouabain interaction with the enzyme. Canrenone competitively antagonized the binding of [3H]ouabain to (Na+-K+)ATPase and inhibited (Na+-K+)ATPase(More)
alpha1 Antitrypsin (alpha1AT) is the archetypal member of the serpin superfamily. Current knowledge of its inhibitory mechanism does not provide for any heparin-induced enhancement of serine proteinase inhibition. Since previous results have shown that an apparently altered alpha1AT form may be purified from the plasma of insulin-dependent diabetics by(More)
The recent observation that heat shock proteins (HSPs), mostly glucose regulated protein94 (Grp94) and HSP70, are present in plasma of Type 1 diabetic subjects as complexes with immunoglobulins, prompted us to investigate the nature and extent of this association, whether it represents HSP-induced activation of the immune system. Two complementary affinity(More)
A partially purified preparation of human alpha 1-antitrypsin (alpha 1-AT) shown to be 60% active as an inhibitor of bovine trypsin, was chosen as starting material to investigate the nature and extent of contamination by human serum albumin (HSA) and to see whether or not such a contamination was responsible for both the reduced inhibitory activity and the(More)