Paola Fattibene

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The current focus on networking and mutual assistance in the management of radiation accidents or incidents has demonstrated the importance of a joined-up approach in physical and biological dosimetry. To this end, the European Radiation Dosimetry Working Group 10 on 'Retrospective Dosimetry' has been set up by individuals from a wide range of disciplines(More)
A method of preparing enamel samples for electron paramagnetic resonance retrospective dosimetry that leads to a reduction of the non-radiation induced signals (background) is proposed. The method is effective in removing residual dentin and in reducing surface paramagnetic centers both native and induced by the sample preparation procedure. The main steps(More)
In dose reconstruction by EPR dosimetry with teeth various methods are applied to prepare tooth enamel samples and to evaluate the dosimetric signal. A comparison of seven frequently used methods in EPR dosimetry with tooth enamel was performed. The participating Institutes have applied their own procedure to prepare tooth enamel samples and to evaluate the(More)
Sample preparation of tooth enamel for electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) dosimetry usually involves mechanical operations. The present study shows that mechanical operations performed without water cooling generate a paramagnetic center inducing a stable isotropic EPR signal with g-value of 2.00320 and linewidth of about 0.1 mT. Using EPR spectrum(More)
A pilot program of postal dosimetry intercomparison among 16 Italian Radiotherapy Centers was performed using the ISS Alanine/EPR dosimetry as a transfer system. Dosimeters were irradiated at 10 Gy with high-energy photon beams, both in reference condition in a water phantom and in an anthropomorphic phantom during the simulated treatment of rectum cancer.(More)
Alanine response to low-energy protons was studied with alanine dosemeters of 2 mm thickness, irradiated with proton beams of energy in the 1.6-6.1 MeV range. The detector's range-averaged relative effectiveness to 60Co radiation ranged from 0.61 to 0.65. For fluence values up to 5 x 10(10) protons x cm(-2), the alanine response was linear.
The objective of the 3rd International Intercomparison on Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) Tooth Dosimetry was the evaluation of laboratories performing tooth enamel dosimetry below 300 mGy. Participants had to reconstruct the absorbed dose in tooth enamel from 11 molars, which were cut into two halves. One half of each tooth was irradiated in a 60Co(More)
Bovine serum amine oxidase (BSAO), reduced by excess amine under limited turnover conditions, was over 80% inactivated by H(2)O(2) upon oxygen exhaustion. The UV-Vis spectrum and the reduced reactivity with carbonyl reagents showed that the cofactor topaquinone (TPQ) was stabilized in reduced form. The protein large M(r) (170 kDa) prevented the(More)
When tooth enamel is exposed to ionizing radiation, radicals are formed, which can be detected using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) techniques. EPR dosimetry using tooth enamel is based on the (presumed) correlation between the intensity or amplitude of some of the radiation-induced signals with the dose absorbed in the enamel. In the present paper a(More)
Suitability of Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) spectroscopy for criticality dosimetry was evaluated for tooth enamel, mannose and alanine pellets during the 'international intercomparison of criticality dosimetry techniques' at the SILENE reactor held in Valduc in June 2002, France. These three materials were irradiated in neutron and gamma-ray fields(More)