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The specific involvement of the delta-opioid receptor in the control of nociception was explored by investigating the pharmacological activity in vivo of a selective, orally active, and centrally penetrant delta-opioid agonist. [8R-(4bS*,8aalpha,8abeta,12bbeta)]7,10-dimethyl-1-methoxy-11-(2-methylpropyl)oxycarbonyl(More)
Non-competitive N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) blockers induce schizophrenic-like behavior in healthy volunteers and exacerbate symptomatology in schizophrenic patients. Hence, a compound able to enhance NMDA neurotransmission by increasing levels of d-serine, an endogenous full agonist at the glycine site of the NMDA receptors, could have anti-psychotic(More)
Increased glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) activity is believed to contribute to the etiology of chronic disorders like Alzheimer's disease and diabetes, thus supporting therapeutic potential of GSK-3 inhibitors. However, sustained GSK-3 inhibition might induce tumorigenesis through beta-catenin-APC dysregulation. Besides, sustained in vivo inhibition by(More)
(-)-cis-1-Methyl-7-[[4-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)piperidin-1-yl]methyl]-6,7,8,9-tetrahydro-5H-benzocyclohepten-5-ol (SB-612111) is a novel human opiate receptor-like orphan receptor (ORL-1) antagonist that has high affinity for the clonal human ORL-1 receptor (hORL-1 K(i) = 0.33 nM), selectivity versus mu-(174-fold), delta-(6391-fold), and kappa (486-fold)-opioid(More)
We hypothesized that the up-regulated expression of one or more members of the regulator of G protein signaling (RGS) family can cause an attenuation of signaling via Gi/Go-coupled opioid receptors, and thereby play a role in the development of hyperalgesia and accompanying insensitivity to morphine observed in animal models of neuropathic pain.(More)
Behavioral and pharmacological evidences suggest that dopaminergic mechanisms in striatum might be counteracted by adenosine or potentiated by its pharmacological antagonists methylxanthines. To test whether adenosine modulation of the dopaminergic function could be, at least in part, due to an interaction at the level of the adenylate cyclase complex, we(More)
Clusterin is a protein involved in multiple biological events, including neuronal cytoprotection, membrane recycling and regulation of complement-mediated membrane attack after injury. We investigated the effect of recombinant human clusterin in preclinical models of peripheral neuropathies. Daily treatment with clusterin accelerated the recovery of nerve(More)
Microdialysis was utilized to evaluate the effects of selective kappa-opioid receptor agonists on dopamine levels in the dorsal caudate of conscious rats. Subcutaneous administration of equivalent antinociceptive doses of spiradoline--(+/-)-(5 alpha, 7 alpha, 8 beta)-3, 4-dichloro-N-methyl-N-[7-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-1-oxaspiro[4,5]dec-8-yl](More)
Protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type Z (Ptprz) is widely expressed in the mammalian central nervous system and has been suggested to regulate oligodendrocyte survival and differentiation. We investigated the role of Ptprz in oligodendrocyte remyelination after acute, toxin-induced demyelination in Ptprz null mice. We found neither obvious impairment(More)
Despite significant progress in the development of therapies for relapsing MS, progressive MS remains comparatively disappointing. Our objective, in this paper, is to review the current challenges in developing therapies for progressive MS and identify key priority areas for research. A collaborative was convened by volunteer and staff leaders from several(More)