Paola D'Orazio

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Direct-reading glucose biosensors sense molality (glucose per unit water mass) in the sample. With aqueous calibration, a direct-reading glucose biosensor produces higher results in blood and plasma than methods measuring concentration, theoretically by the ratio of water concentrations in calibrator and sample. To confirm this, we measured glucose in 14-(More)
In human beings, glucose is distributed like water between erythrocytes and plasma. The molality of glucose (amount of glucose per unit water mass) is the same throughout the sample. Different water concentrations in calibrator, plasma, and erythrocyte fluid can explain some differences that are dependent on sample type, methods requiring sample dilution,(More)
The "glucose clamping" technique has been proposed as a method for the early detection of a beginning derangement of glucose homeostasis and thus for the possible prevention of maturity-onset diabetes. This technique interrupts the physiological glucose-insulin relationship by placing a patient's blood glucose concentration under an investigator's control,(More)
Three interlaboratory round-robin studies (RR1, RR2, and RR3) were conducted to identify a serum-based reference material that would aid in the standardization of direct ion-selective electrode (ISE) measurements of sodium and potassium. Ultrafiltered frozen serum reference materials requiring no reconstitution reduced between-laboratory variability (the(More)
A novel flow-through design for a calcium ion-selective liquid membrane and half-cell is proposed. The membrane is based on a neutral carrier for calcium and has the same quantitative chemical composition as that used in most commercial analyzers for ionized calcium (iCa2+). The membrane and half-cell follow the specifications in the Stage 1, Draft 4(More)