Paola Cremonesi

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Efficient control against bovine mastitis requires sensitive, rapid, and specific tests to detect and identify the main bacteria that cause heavy losses to the dairy industry. Molecular detection of pathogenic microorganisms is based on DNA amplification of the target pathogen. Therefore, efficient extraction of DNA from pathogenic bacteria is a major step.(More)
A multiplex PCR for the simultaneous detection of Staphylococcus aureus 23S rRNA, the coagulase and thermonuclease genes as well as the enterotoxin genes sea, sec, sed, seg, seh, sei, sej, sel was developed. The method was used to determine the presence of enterotoxigenic types for 93 S. aureus strains isolated from milk and dairy products. The data(More)
Gene expression profiling studies of mastitis in ruminants have provided key but fragmented knowledge for the understanding of the disease. A systematic combination of different expression profiling studies via meta-analysis techniques has the potential to test the extensibility of conclusions based on single studies. Using the program Pointillist, we(More)
We investigated 116 Staphylococcus aureus isolates from cows, goats and sheep with intramammary infections (IMI) in Italy to provide information about the spread of enterotoxigenic strains and to compare strains isolated from different ruminant species. The isolates were typed by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of the coagulase(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most important causes of mastitis in dairy cattle. Based on previous research, Staph. aureus genotypes with different pathogenic and contagious properties can cause intramammary infection (IMI) and coexist in the same herd. Our study aimed to compare Staph. aureus strains from herds that differed in IMI prevalence using(More)
16S rRNA gene is one of the preferred targets for resolving species phylogenesis issues in microbiological-related contexts. However, the identification of single-nucleotide variations capable of distinguishing a sequence among a set of homologous ones can be problematic. Here we present ORMA (Oligonucleotide Retrieving for Molecular Applications), a set of(More)
The performances and the stability of a novel subcutaneous glucose monitoring system have been evaluated. GlucoDay (A. Menarini I.F.R. S.r.l, Florence Italy) is a portable instrument provided with a micro-pump and a biosensor coupled to a microdialysis system capable of recording the subcutaneous glucose level every 3 min. Long and short term stability of(More)
Two chemically modified heparins with low anticoagulant activity were studied in terms of their antimetastatic activity in the B16-BL6 melanoma model. The two heparins were a very low molecular weight heparin (VLMW-H) and a low molecular weight heparin with 100% succinylation of desulfated N groups (Succ100-LMW-H). Both heparins, VLMW-H more so than(More)
This paper describes a new DNA chip, based on the use of a ligation detection reaction coupled to a universal array, developed to detect and analyze, directly from milk samples, microbial pathogens known to cause bovine, ovine, and caprine mastitis or to be responsible for foodborne intoxication or infection, or both. Probes were designed for the(More)
UNLABELLED Bovine mastitis caused by Prototheca spp. infection is increasing worldwide, therefore becoming more relevant to the dairy industry. Almost all Prototheca isolates from bovine mammary protothecosis came from P. zopfii genotype 2, with a lower prevalence of infection due to P. blaschkeae and rarely to P. wickerhamii. In this study, we report the(More)