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Mutations in the myelin protein zero (MPZ) gene have been associated with different Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) phenotypes, including classical demyelinating CMT1B and the axonal form of the disease (CMT2). The MPZ role in the pathogenesis of both demyelinating and axonal inherited neuropathies was evaluated in the Italian population by screening a(More)
Two genes were identified for autosomal recessive forms of early onset Parkinson's disease: parkin and DJ-1. We describe 2 siblings with EOPD due to parkin mutations and peripheral neuropathy, which presented as neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) in the index case. RT-PCR experiments revealed that the parkin gene is expressed in sural(More)
Although the presence of multiple cases of melanoma on the same side of a family is the best predictor of germline CDKN2A mutation, other features (i.e. early age at onset) may be useful to identify carriers. We analysed the records of 682 hospital-based Ligurian melanoma patients. Of these, 238 cases (34 familial, 14 non-familial multiple primary and 190(More)
Germline mutations impairing the p16(INK4)-function have previously been demonstrated to be responsible for genetic predisposition in at least one half of melanoma-prone kindreds of North European origin. Familial melanoma kindreds have also been found to present an increased risk of pancreatic cancer and other cancers, but results relative to more common(More)
CDKN2A germline mutation frequency estimates are commonly based on families with several melanoma cases. When we started counseling in a research setting on gene susceptibility analysis in northern and central Italy, however, we mostly found small families with few cases. Here we briefly characterize those kindred, estimate CDKN2A/CDK4 mutation test yields,(More)
Germline mutations within the coding region of CDKN2A have been observed in affected members of melanoma-prone families. G101W is the most common CDKN2A missense mutation identified to date. It has been reported in several families from around the world, with a particularly high occurrence in France and Italy. Given the frequency of this mutation, we were(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is a late-onset, autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease caused by a CAG trinucleotide expansion. The number of repeats on the HD chromosome explains most of the variability in age of onset, but genetic factors other than the HD gene are responsible for part of the residual variance. Based on the role played by the brain(More)
Friedreich ataxia (FRDA), an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disease, is associated with an unstable expansion of a GAA trinucleotide repeat in the first intron of the frataxin gene on chromosome 9q13. Unequivocal molecular characterization of the FRDA triplet expansion requires the use of different PCR protocols to amplify normal and mutated alleles(More)
X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT1X) is a peripheral neuropathy transmitted in a dominant manner and caused by mutations in the Connexin 32 (Cx32) gene (GJB1, gap junction beta 1). Here we report the mutation analysis of the GJB1 gene in 76 subjects with possible CMT1 and absence of 17p11.2 duplication, and in 38 CMT2 patients without mutations in(More)
Mutations in small heat-shock protein 27 and small heat-shock protein 22 genes were found in association with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2 and distal hereditary motor neuropathy. We searched for mutations in small heat-shock protein 27 gene in an Italian family with peripheral neuropathy and intrafamilial phenotypic variability. A novel heterozygous(More)