Paola Ciceri

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BACKGROUND Ascorbic acid (AA) supplementation has been suggested to afford erythropoietin hyporesponsiveness and high levels of ferritin in haemodialysis (HD) patients. However, little is known about the possible side effects of this policy on vascular calcification (VC). VC, induced by a high-phosphate and uraemic milieu, is characterized by a passive(More)
Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) is the major prostaglandin produced both centrally and in the periphery in models of acute and chronic inflammation, and its formation in both locations is blocked by cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors such as celecoxib. In animal models of inflammation, PGE(2) inhibition in the brain may occur secondarily to a peripheral action(More)
1. The aim of this work was to evaluate the role of leukotrienes in brain damage in vivo in a model of focal cerebral ischaemia in the rat, obtained by permanent occlusion of middle cerebral artery. 2. A significant (P < 0.01) elevation of LTC(4), LTD(4) and LTE(4) (cysteinyl-leukotrienes) levels occurred 4 h after ischaemia induction in the ipsilateral(More)
Vascular calcification (VC) represents a major cardiovascular risk factor in chronic kidney disease patients. High phosphate (Pi) levels are strongly associated with VC in this population. Therefore, Pi binders are commonly used to control high Pi levels. The aim of this work was to study the mechanism of action of lanthanum chloride (LaCl3) on the(More)
Vascular calcification (VC) is one of the most dramatic consequences of chronic kidney disease (CKD). It has been considered a passive process, resulting essentially from mineral metabolism disorders and alterations in calcium and phosphate balance. But during the last decade, it has been elucidated how VC is not only a passive but more properly an active(More)
Phosphate (Pi)-binders are commonly used in dialysis patients to control high Pi levels, that associated with vascular calcification (VC). The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of lanthanum chloride (LaCl(3)) on the progression of high Pi-induced VC, in rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Pi-induced Ca deposition was inhibited by(More)
Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is a classical feature of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Commonly, hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, and vitamin D deficiency are involved into the pathogenesis of SHPT. Parathyroid (PT) glands are characterized by a low turnover and rarely undergo mitoses. However, in the presence of low calcium, high phosphorus, vitamin(More)
In chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality rate is higher than in the general population, because of frequently concomitant hypertension, peripheral vascular disease, heart failure, vascular calcification (VC), diabetes and mineral bone disease. Recently, another important factor associated to CV risk in CKD has(More)
Secondary hyperparathyroidism is a systemic disorder that associates with bone and cardiovascular disease, including arterial calcification. Treatment with calcitriol, the active form of vitamin D, reduces parathyroid hormone levels, but may result in elevations in serum calcium and phosphorus, increasing the risk of vascular calcification in dialysis(More)
Continuously emerging evidence indicates that defi ciencies in 25-hydroxyvitamin D and consequently vitamin D receptor (VDR) activation play crucial roles in adversely affecting cardiovascular (CV) health in the general population and those at high risk of CV disease, as well as in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In CKD patients, a lack of VDR(More)