Paola Cianci

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RASopathies, a family of disorders characterized by cardiac defects, defective growth, facial dysmorphism, variable cognitive deficits and predisposition to certain malignancies, are caused by constitutional dysregulation of RAS signalling predominantly through the RAF/MEK/ERK (MAPK) cascade. We report on two germline mutations (p.Gly39dup and p.Val55Met)(More)
BACKGROUND Nicolaides-Baraitser and Coffin-Siris syndromes are emerging conditions with overlapping clinical features including intellectual disability and typical somatic characteristics, especially sparse hair, low frontal hairline, large mouth with thick and everted lips, and hands and feet anomalies. Since 2012, mutations in genes encoding six proteins(More)
The oncologic involvement of the spinal cord in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is not a typical feature of the disease. Here, we present a case of ganglioglioma of the spinal cord in a child with NF1 and try to define if this tumor can be considered coincidental or not. A 4-year-old boy affected by NF1 was diagnosed with a spinal cord-enhancing tumor(More)
Baraitser-Winter malformation syndrome (BWMS), Fryns-Aftimos syndrome (FA), and craniofrontofacial syndromes (CFFs) have all been recently proposed to be part of the same phenotypic spectrum of Baraitser-Winter cerebrofrontofacial syndrome (BWCFF), which is characterized by facial dysmorphism, ocular coloboma, brain malformations, and intellectual(More)
Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a complex genetic disease with skeletal involvement mostly related to upper limb malformations. We report on three males with clinical and molecular diagnoses of CdLS. Besides typical CdLS features, all showed different cervical spine malformations. To the best of our knowledge, this is an unusual malformation in the(More)
Germline mutations in genes coding for molecules involved in the RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK pathway are the hallmarks of a newly classified family of autosomal dominant syndromes termed RASopathies. Myeloproliferative disorders (MPDs), in particular, juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia, can lead to potentially severe complications in children with Noonan syndrome (NS).(More)
This article reports on an association between Burkitt lymphoma and Noonan syndrome (NS) due to a RAF1 gene mutation. The patient was a 7-year-old boy with NS, who was included in the first series reporting the association between Noonan and RAF1, and who later presented with a 2-week history of asymptomatic unilateral tonsillar swelling and ipsilateral(More)