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BACKGROUND/AIMS Leptin is a peptide which regulates food intake and energy expenditure. Moreover, it is involved in the homeostasis of body composition and is linked to the regulation of insulin signaling, thus playing an important role in liver fat storage. Steatosis is a common finding in chronic hepatitis C, and both viral and metabolic factors have been(More)
BACKGROUND The aspartate aminotransferase-alanine aminotransferase ratio (AST/ALT ratio) has been used to noninvasively assess the severity of disease in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD). We previously demonstrated that progressive liver functional impairment is associated with an increase in the AST/ALT ratio. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the(More)
BACKGROUND Histology is generally considered as a tool of limited value in the diagnosis of gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD). AIM To reevaluate the diagnostic role of histological alterations in GERD, using multiple biopsy sites and an appropriate control group. METHODS We studied 135 patients with typical and atypical symptoms of GERD. They(More)
Patients with non-erosive reflux disease may show microscopic damage. This study is aimed to describe distribution, sensitivity, and specificity of histological lesions (i.e., basal cell hyperplasia-BH, papillae elongation-PE, dilatation of intercellular spaces-DIS, intraepithelial eosinophils-IE, neutrophils, and erosions) and sampling criteria. Four(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic significance of a panel of biological parameters in patients with radically resected non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC). 269 cases with pathological stage I-IIIA NSCLC were retrospectively analysed. Immunohistochemistry was performed to detect protein expression of p53, bcl-2, proliferating cell(More)
OBJECTIVE The presence of steatosis is a common histological finding in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). The causes of the severity of this condition are not yet clear, although both metabolic and viral factors supposedly are involved. In this study our aim was to examine the possible influence that leptin levels, hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA levels,(More)
One hundred fine-needle aspirations (45 percutaneous ultrasonically-guided and 55 intraoperative) were performed in 82 patients suspected of having pancreatic cancer, in order to evaluate the contribution of cytologic data to definitive diagnosis of this tumor. The overall success rate of both cytologic methods was 90.6 p. 100 in our 64 patients who were(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hepatitis C virus (HCV) related disease follows a long, benign course and most affected patients have mild disease. Liver biopsy is mandatory to grade and stage the disease. Characteristic, though non-specific, HCV histological lesions such as bile duct damage and steatosis have been singled out but their association with non-histological(More)
AIM Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) plays a crucial role in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules and enables the number of surgical operations to be reduced. Theoretically, FNAB should be carried out on all nodules, though currently only those displaying certain characteristics are biopsied. Indeed, to perform FNAB on all nodules may be regarded as an(More)