Paola Casti

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The potential efficacy of GABA(B) receptor agonists in the treatment of pain, drug addiction, epilepsy, cognitive dysfunctions, and anxiety disorders is supported by extensive preclinical and clinical evidence. However, the numerous side effects produced by the GABA(B) receptor agonist baclofen considerably limit the therapeutic use of this compound. The(More)
The compound N-piperidinyl-[8-chloro-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,4,5,6-tetrahydrobenzo [6,7]cyclohepta[1,2-c]pyrazole-3-carboxamide] (NESS 0327) was synthesized and evaluated for binding affinity toward cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptor. NESS 0327 exhibited a stronger selectivity for CB1 receptor compared with(More)
Segmentation of the breast region is a fundamental step in any system for computerized analysis of mammograms. In this work, we propose a novel procedure for the estimation of the breast skin-line based upon multidirectional Gabor filtering. The method includes an adaptive values-of-interest (VOI) transformation, extraction of the skin-air ribbon by Otsu's(More)
Sardinian alcohol non-preferring (sNP) rats carry a point mutation (R100Q) in the cerebellar expressed GABAA receptor alpha6 subunit gene, leading to a higher sensitivity to ethanol and diazepam. The role of the alpha6 subunit gene cluster in the ethanol non-preferring phenotype was here investigated by measuring the levels of alpha1, alpha6 and gamma2(More)
The effect of subchronic co-administration of ritanserin (1.5 mg/kg, i.p., twice a day) and haloperidol (1 mg/kg, i.p., twice a day) on rat vacuous chewing movements and on tyrosine hydroxylase-immunostaining was investigated. Ritanserin significantly reduced rat vacuous chewing movements observed following 2, 3 and 4 weeks of haloperidol administration and(More)
The effect on rat catalepsy induced by Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta9-THC) in association with haloperidol (HP) or clozapine (CLOZ) administration was investigated. Delta9-THC dose-dependently increased HP (0.05-1 mg kg-1, s.c.)-induced rat catalepsy, while no catalepsy was observed after CLOZ (1-20 mg kg-1, s.c.) or Delta9-THC+CLOZ administration. The(More)
We hypothesize that quantification of structural similarity or dissimilarity between paired mammographic regions can be effective in detecting asymmetric signs of breast cancer. Bilateral masking procedures are applied for this purpose by using automatically detected anatomical landmarks. Changes in structural information of the extracted regions are(More)
Similarly to acute rat catalepsy, "early onset" vacuous chewing movements (VCMs) induced by subchronic treatment with antipsychotic have recently been proposed as a model of human extrapyramidal symptoms. In the present study, the propensities of haloperidol and risperidone in inducing rat "early onset" VCMs were compared using doses of the two(More)
It was previously shown that haloperidol, but not clozapine, induced intense rat catalepsy when co-administered with delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol. The present study investigated whether similar alterations could be observed on striatal c-Fos immunoreactivity after administration of the same drug combinations. Western Blot and immunocytochemistry(More)