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Antipsychotic drug treatment increases neurotensin (NT) neurotransmission, and the exogenous administration of NT produces antipsychotic-like effects in rodents. In order to investigate whether "endogenous" NT may act as a natural occurring antipsychotic or may mediate antipsychotic drug activity, the effects of the selective NT receptor antagonists SR(More)
The compound N-piperidinyl-[8-chloro-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,4,5,6-tetrahydrobenzo [6,7]cyclohepta[1,2-c]pyrazole-3-carboxamide] (NESS 0327) was synthesized and evaluated for binding affinity toward cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptor. NESS 0327 exhibited a stronger selectivity for CB1 receptor compared with(More)
The potential efficacy of GABA(B) receptor agonists in the treatment of pain, drug addiction, epilepsy, cognitive dysfunctions, and anxiety disorders is supported by extensive preclinical and clinical evidence. However, the numerous side effects produced by the GABA(B) receptor agonist baclofen considerably limit the therapeutic use of this compound. The(More)
Sardinian alcohol non-preferring (sNP) rats carry a point mutation (R100Q) in the cerebellar expressed GABAA receptor alpha6 subunit gene, leading to a higher sensitivity to ethanol and diazepam. The role of the alpha6 subunit gene cluster in the ethanol non-preferring phenotype was here investigated by measuring the levels of alpha1, alpha6 and gamma2(More)
Similarly to acute rat catalepsy, "early onset" vacuous chewing movements (VCMs) induced by subchronic treatment with antipsychotic have recently been proposed as a model of human extrapyramidal symptoms. In the present study, the propensities of haloperidol and risperidone in inducing rat "early onset" VCMs were compared using doses of the two(More)
The effect of subchronic co-administration of ritanserin (1.5 mg/kg, i.p., twice a day) and haloperidol (1 mg/kg, i.p., twice a day) on rat vacuous chewing movements and on tyrosine hydroxylase-immunostaining was investigated. Ritanserin significantly reduced rat vacuous chewing movements observed following 2, 3 and 4 weeks of haloperidol administration and(More)
Prolactin blood level and apomorphine-induced yawning were studied in rats treated with the substituted benzamide amisulpride in association with bromocriptine or carmoxirole; two dopamine D(2) receptor agonists with high or low propensity to cross the brain-blood barrier, respectively. Administration of amisulpride produced a maximum increase in rat serum(More)
The effect on rat catalepsy induced by Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta9-THC) in association with haloperidol (HP) or clozapine (CLOZ) administration was investigated. Delta9-THC dose-dependently increased HP (0.05-1 mg kg-1, s.c.)-induced rat catalepsy, while no catalepsy was observed after CLOZ (1-20 mg kg-1, s.c.) or Delta9-THC+CLOZ administration. The(More)
The substituted benzamide amisulpride is currently administered in its racemic form. In the present study, the biochemical and cataleptogenic profiles of the two enantiomers (R+ and S-) were compared with those of the racemic mixture. Displacement binding studies showed that the (S-)-isomer possesses an higher affinity for dopamine D2-like receptor (K(i)(More)
It was previously shown that haloperidol, but not clozapine, induced intense rat catalepsy when co-administered with delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol. The present study investigated whether similar alterations could be observed on striatal c-Fos immunoreactivity after administration of the same drug combinations. Western Blot and immunocytochemistry(More)