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BACKGROUND Coral bleaching (i.e., the release of coral symbiotic zooxanthellae) has negative impacts on biodiversity and functioning of reef ecosystems and their production of goods and services. This increasing world-wide phenomenon is associated with temperature anomalies, high irradiance, pollution, and bacterial diseases. Recently, it has been(More)
BACKGROUND The role of parental ageing on the incidence of adverse pregnancy outcome is based on increased morbidity and obstetric problems during pregnancy and delivery in old mothers, and on the accumulation of spontaneous harmful mutations for continuous cell divisions during spermatogenesis in old fathers. The aim of this study is to estimate the impact(More)
The risk of preterm delivery in a recent sample (1990-1994) of Italian liveborns was examined, taking into account child birth order, and maternal age and education in addition to the fetal gender. Univariate analyses showed that a higher risk was associated with male than female babies, with first- than second-born children, with older mothers, and with(More)
The aim of the present work was to analyze the phenolic extracts from two monofloral Cuban honeys for their in vitro total antioxidant capacity, phenolic compounds content and free radical scavenging activity. The phenolic extracts, rich in lipophilic compounds, were tested further for their ability to inhibit AAPH-induced oxidative damage (hemolysis, lipid(More)
We evaluated the effect of the mother's age on the risk of unfavourable pregnancy outcome. The study considered 1348 190 first-born and 957 689 second-born babies born in Italy in 1990-94. The risk of stillbirth, preterm birth in liveborns, and low birthweight in liveborns at term, was first evaluated separately and then globally as a function of maternal(More)
In Italy, as in all Western countries, the almost monotonic decline in fertility observed since the 1960s has been paralleled until the beginning of the 1980s by a decrease in maternal age at delivery. Since then, age at marriage and at childbearing has been increasing and marital fertility has continued to decrease. By 1994 Italy showed extreme values of(More)
Background information on the inefficacy of sunscreens to provide free radical protection in skin, despite their usefulness in preventing sunburn/erythema, prompted us to synthesize a compound which would display in the same molecule both UV-absorbing and antioxidant capacities. For this purpose, the UVB absorber, 2-ethylhexyl-4-methoxycinnamate (OMC) was(More)
Using data from the 1961 Italian census, the study of fertility in Sardinia when malaria was endemic shows differential fertility between women living in areas with differing degrees of malaria. Cultural factors measured by women's level of education are negatively correlated with fertility, just as the 'urban' character of the area in which the women lived(More)