Pantelis Georgiou

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BACKGROUND The popularity of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII), or insulin pump therapy, as a way to deliver insulin more physiologically and achieve better glycemic control in diabetes patients has increased. Despite the substantiated therapeutic advantages of using CSII, its use has also been associated with an increased risk of technical(More)
This paper presents an advanced insulin bolus advisor for people with diabetes on multiple daily injections or insulin pump therapy. The proposed system, which runs on a smartphone, keeps the simplicity of a standard bolus calculator while enhancing its performance by providing more adaptability and flexibility. This is achieved by means of applying a(More)
We developed an integrated chip for real-time amplification and detection of nucleic acid using pH-sensing complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology. Here we show an amplification-coupled detection method for directly measuring released hydrogen ions during nucleotide incorporation rather than relying on indirect measurements such as(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Insulin bolus calculators are simple decision support software tools incorporated in most commercially available insulin pumps and some capillary blood glucose meters. Although their clinical benefit has been demonstrated, their utilisation has not been widespread and their performance remains suboptimal, mainly because of their(More)
This paper presents a robust, low-power and compact ion-sensitive field-effect transistor (ISFET) sensing front-end for pH reaction monitoring using unmodified CMOS. Robustness is achieved by overcoming problems of DC offset due to trapped charge and transcoductance reduction due to capacitive division, which commonly exist with implementation of ISFETs in(More)
The paper will consider how silicon devices such as ion-sensitive field effect transistors can be used to model metabolic functions in biology. In a first example, a biologically inspired silicon beta cell is presented to serve as the main building block of an artificial pancreas. This is to be used for real-time glucose sensing and insulin release for(More)