Panos Papagiannakopoulos

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The reaction kinetics of chlorine atoms with a series of partially fluorinated straight-chain alcohols, CF(3)CH(2)CH(2)OH (1), CF(3)CF(2)CH(2)OH (2), CHF(2)CF(2)CH(2)OH (3), and CF(3)CHFCF(2)CH(2)OH (4), were studied in the gas phase over the temperature range of 273-363 K by using very low-pressure reactor mass spectrometry. The absolute rate coefficients(More)
The adsorption of gaseous acetic acid (CH(3)C(O)OH) on thin ice films and on ice doped with nitric acid (1.96 and 7.69 wt %) was investigated over upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (UT/LS) temperatures (198-208 K), and at low gas concentrations. Experiments were performed in a Knudsen flow reactor coupled to a quadrupole mass spectrometer. The(More)
The interaction of water vapor with ice remains incompletely understood despite its importance in environmental processes. A particular concern is the probability for water accommodation on the ice surface, for which results from earlier studies vary by more than 2 orders of magnitude. Here, we apply an environmental molecular beam method to directly(More)
The environmental chamber of a molecular beam apparatus is used to study deposition nucleation of ice on graphite, alcohols and acetic and nitric acids at temperatures between 155 and 200 K. The critical supersaturations necessary to spontaneously nucleate water ice on six different substrate materials are observed to occur at higher supersaturations than(More)
Water uptake on aerosol and cloud particles in the atmosphere modifies their chemistry and microphysics with important implications for climate on Earth. Here, we apply an environmental molecular beam (EMB) method to characterize water accommodation on ice and organic surfaces. The adsorption of surface-active compounds including short-chain alcohols,(More)
Adsorbed organic compounds modify the properties of environmental interfaces with potential implications for many Earth system processes. Here, we describe experimental studies of water interactions with acetic acid (AcOH) layers on ice and graphite surfaces at temperatures from 186 to 200 K. Hyperthermal D2O water molecules are efficiently trapped on all(More)
The gas-phase reaction of atomic chlorine with diiodomethane was studied over the temperature range 273-363 K with the very low-pressure reactor (VLPR) technique. The reaction takes place in a Knudsen reactor at pressures below 3 mTorr, where the steady-state concentration of both reactants and stable products is continuously measured by electron-impact(More)
The interaction of propionic and butyric acids on ice and HNO3-doped ice were studied between 195 and 212 K and low concentrations, using a Knudsen flow reactor coupled with a quadrupole mass spectrometer. The initial uptake coefficients (γ0) of propionic and butyric acids on ice as a function of temperature are given by the expressions: γ0(T) = (7.30 ±(More)
Molecular beam techniques are commonly used to obtain detailed information about reaction dynamics and kinetics of gas-surface interactions. These experiments are traditionally performed in vacuum and the dynamic state of surfaces under ambient conditions is thereby excluded from detailed studies. Herein we describe the development and demonstration of a(More)
The adsorption of formic acid on thin ice films and on ice doped with nitric acid (1.96, 7.69 and 53.8 wt%) is studied as a function of temperature T=195-211 K and gas concentration (0.33-10.6)×10(11) molecule cm(-3). Experiments are performed in a Knudsen flow reactor coupled with a quadrupole mass spectrometer. The initial uptake coefficients γ are(More)