Pankaj Kumar Singh

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PURPOSE We investigated the contribution of Sonic hedgehog (SHH) to pancreatic cancer progression. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We expressed SHH in a transformed primary ductal-derived epithelial cell line from the human pancreas, transformed hTert-HPNE (T-HPNE), and evaluated the effects on tumor growth. We also directly inhibited the activity of SHH in vivo by(More)
Mucins are heavily glycosylated high molecular weight glycoproteins, which are involved in the protection and lubrication of luminal epithelial surfaces. Transmembrane mucins also engage in signal transduction, through extracellular domain-mediated ligand binding or by interacting with receptors for growth and differentiation factors. The cytoplasmic tail(More)
MUC1, a transmembrane mucin, is a key modulator of several signaling pathways that affect oncogenesis, motility, and cell morphology. The interaction of MUC1 cytoplasmic tail (MUC1CT) with signal transducers and its nuclear translocation and subsequent biological responses are believed to be regulated by phosphorylation status, but the precise mechanisms by(More)
Saccular intracranial aneurysms are balloon-like dilations of the intracranial arterial wall; their hemorrhage commonly results in severe neurologic impairment and death. We report a second genome-wide association study with discovery and replication cohorts from Europe and Japan comprising 5,891 cases and 14,181 controls with approximately 832,000(More)
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the role of α-tocopherol succinate (α-TS) in protecting mice from gastrointestinal syndrome induced by total-body irradiation. CD2F1 mice were injected subcutaneously with 400 mg/kg of α-TS and exposed to different doses of (60)Co γ radiation, and 30-day survival was monitored. Jejunum sections were analyzed for(More)
MUC1 is a heterodimeric transmembrane glycoprotein that is overexpressed and aberrantly glycosylated in ductal adenocarcinomas. Differential phosphorylation of the MUC1 cytoplasmic tail (MUC1CT) has been associated with signaling events that influence the proliferation and metastasis of cancer cells. We identified a novel tyrosine phosphorylation site(More)
The adipose-derived hormone leptin maintains energy balance in part through central nervous system-mediated increases in sympathetic outflow that enhance fat burning. Triggering of β-adrenergic receptors in adipocytes stimulates energy expenditure by cyclic AMP (cAMP)-dependent increases in lipolysis and fatty-acid oxidation. Although the mechanism is(More)
BACKGROUND Impaired drainage of the pancreatic duct is one of the possible triggers for post-ERCP acute pancreatitis. The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine whether temporary stent placement across the main pancreatic-duct orifice lowers the frequency of post-ERCP acute pancreatitis in patients at high risk for this complication. METHODS Two(More)
This review will highlight the significance of three critical pathways in developmental biology and our emerging understanding of their roles in regulating tumor metastasis: Bone morphogenic protein (BMP), Notch and Sonic hedgehog (SHH). We will discuss parallels between their known roles in development and how these processes can be used by tumor cells to(More)