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Treatment of cells with the anti-cancer drug camptothecin (CPT) induces topoisomerase I (Top1)-mediated DNA damage, which in turn affects cell proliferation and survival. In this report, we demonstrate that treatment of the wild-type HCT116 (wt HCT116) human colon cancer cell line and the isogenic p53(-/-) HCT116 and p21(-/-) HCT116 cell lines with a high(More)
A hexane extract of the plant product Chios mastic gum (He-CMG) is demonstrated to kill human colon cancer cells in vitro via the process of anoikis. Specifically, the sequence of events includes He-CMG-induced GI-arrest of the cells, detachment of the cells from the substrate and subsequent apoptosis. Anoikis is dependent on the concentration and duration(More)
BACKGROUND The development of effective drug delivery systems capable of transporting small interfering RNA (siRNA) has been elusive. We have previously reported that colorectal cancer tumor xenograft growth was arrested following treatment with liposomal preparation of siDCAMKL-1. In this report, we have utilized Nanoparticle (NP) technology to deliver(More)
PURPOSE The plant-derived compound curcumin has shown promising abilities as a cancer chemoprevention and chemotherapy agent in vitro and in vivo but exhibits poor bioavailability. Therefore, there is a need to investigate modified curcumin congeners for improved anticancer activity and pharmacokinetic properties. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The synthetic(More)
Cancer cells are more susceptible to chemotherapeutic agent-induced apoptosis than their normal counterparts. Although it has been demonstrated that the increased sensitivity results from deregulation of oncoproteins during cancer development (Evan, G. I., and Vousden, K. H. (2001) Nature 411, 342-348; Green, D. R., and Evan, G. I. (2002) Cancer Cell 1,(More)
XMD8-92 is a kinase inhibitor with anti-cancer activity against lung and cervical cancers, but its effect on pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains unknown. Doublecortin-like kinase1 (DCLK1) is upregulated in various cancers including PDAC. In this study, we showed that XMD8-92 inhibits AsPC-1 cancer cell proliferation and tumor xenograft growth.(More)
The antibacterial agent taurolidine (TRD) has been used as a lavage antibiotic to prevent development of peritonitis in patients after surgery. We recently showed that TRD induced growth arrest and apoptosis of a variety of cultured cell lines derived from human solid tumors and also significantly inhibited the growth of human ovarian tumors in a mouse(More)
Stem cell pluripotency, angiogenesis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) have been shown to be significantly upregulated in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and many other aggressive cancers. The dysregulation of these processes is believed to play key roles in tumor initiation, progression, and metastasis, and is contributory to PDAC being(More)
Labd-14-ene-8, 13-diol (sclareol) is a labdane-type diterpene, which has demonstrated significant cytotoxic activity against human leukemic cell lines, but its effect on solid tumor-derived cells is uknown. Here, we demonstrate that addition of sclareol to cultures of human colon cancer HCT116 cells results in inhibition of DNA synthesis, arrest of cells at(More)
The plant-produced compound, resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene, 3,4,5-THS), induces apoptosis in various human leukemia cell types in vitro, and thus appears to be a promising anti-leukemia agent. In this study, we observed that treatment of resveratrol-resistant Jurkat cells with the resveratrol analogue, 3,4,5-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene(More)