Learn More
Considerable time and effort can be saved by simultaneously amplifying multiple sequences in a single reaction, a process referred to as multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Multiplex PCR requires that primers lead to amplification of unique regions of DNA, both in individual pairs and in combinations of many primers, under a single set of reaction(More)
A simple, rapid and specific diagnostic polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method was developed for sheep poxvirus identification. The primers used were from the sequenced genomes of the capripox viruses KS-1 and InS-1. Six different sheep pox isolates were tested against two orf (parapox) and three animal herpesviruses as controls. Material from uninfected(More)
Recombination in vaccine strains of polioviruses is a very frequent phenomenon. In the present report, 12 strains isolated from patients after OPV administration and healthy vaccinees were investigated for the identification of recombinant strains as well as for the further analysis of their recombination types and the localization of the recombination(More)
Recombination in Poliovirus vaccine strains is a very frequent phenomenon. In this report 23 polio/Sabin strains isolated from healthy vaccinees or from VAPP patients after OPV administration, were investigated in order to identify recombination sites from 2C to 3D regions of the poliovirus genome. RT-PCR, followed by Restriction Fragment Length(More)
Attenuated strains of the Sabin oral poliovirus vaccine replicate in the human gut and, in rare cases, cause vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis. In the present study, 15 vaccine-derived strains isolated from patients with vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis and from healthy vaccinees were examined. Four distant sequences of the poliovirus(More)
An outbreak of aseptic meningitis was recorded in Greece during the year 2001. Detection of the clinical strains was achieved by performing reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) on RNA isolated from cell cultures inoculated with treated faecal material from the patients. Serotypic identification of the isolates with mixed equine antisera(More)
In this study we compared the identification results of 41 echovirus clinical isolates using RIVM pools (National Institute for Public Health and the Environment RIVM, Bilthoven, The Netherlands) and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays. Primer pair UG52-UC53 amplified a 433-bp segment in the 5' untranslated region. Restriction(More)
Stool samples from sixteen cases of children with meningitis originating from four different and geographically isolated parts of Greece were investigated for enteroviruses. The conventional method of cell culture in four different cell lines was initially used for the isolation of enteroviruses. The results showed a cytopathic effect (CPE) in all cases(More)
The combination of preventive vaccination and diagnostic typing of viral isolates from patients with clinical poliomyelitis constitutes our main protective shield against polioviruses. The restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) adaptation of the reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCR methodology has advanced diagnostic genotyping of polioviruses, although(More)
A new polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for rapid diagnosis of contagious ecthyma was designed and applied to 21 clinical samples from Greece. This assay, which detects a highly conserved gene from the parapox genome, was evaluated for its sensitivity and specificity in order to be considered as a useful diagnostic tool. A comparative study with two(More)