Panagiotis S. Kabouridis

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Lipid rafts are specialized plasma membrane microdomains, in which glycosphingolipids and cholesterol are major structural components. In T lymphocytes, several signaling proteins are associated with lipid rafts including the protein tyrosine kinase LCK and the adapter protein LAT. To investigate their importance in T cell signaling, lipid rafts were(More)
The intrinsic neural networks of the gastrointestinal tract are derived from dedicated neural crest progenitors that colonize the gut during embryogenesis and give rise to enteric neurons and glia. Here, we study how an essential subpopulation of enteric glial cells (EGCs) residing within the intestinal mucosa is integrated into the dynamic microenvironment(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is characterized by abnormalities in T lymphocyte receptor-mediated signal transduction pathways. Our previous studies have established that lymphocyte-specific protein tyrosine kinase (LCK) is reduced in T lymphocytes from patients with SLE and that this reduction is associated with disease activity and parallels an(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore regulation of proximal signaling and composition of lipid rafts in T lymphocytes from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS The expression, phosphorylation, and degradation of lipid raft-associated signaling molecules in T lymphocytes from 50 patients with SLE compared with 28 healthy controls and 22 rheumatoid(More)
LCK is a non-receptor protein tyrosine kinase required for signal transduction via the T-cell antigen receptor (TCR). LCK N-terminus is S-acylated on Cys3 and Cys5, in addition to its myristoylation on Gly2. Here the role of S-acylation in LCK function was examined. Transient transfection of COS-18 cells, which express a CD8-zeta chimera on their surface,(More)
Plasma membranes of many cell types contain domains enriched in specific lipids and cholesterol, called lipid rafts. In T lymphocytes, key T cell antigen receptor (TCR) signalling molecules associate with rafts, and disrupting raft-association of certain of these abrogates TCR signalling. The TCR itself associates with lipid rafts, and TCR cross-linking(More)
Experimental evidence indicates that the mammalian cell membrane is compartmentalized. A structural feature that supports membrane segmentation implicates assemblies of selected lipids broadly referred to as lipid rafts. In T-lymphocytes, lipid rafts are implicated in signalling from the T-cell antigen receptor (TCR) and in localization and function of(More)
We have shown previously that in T cells, LAT co-immunoprecipitates with the active but not the inactive-'closed' form of Lck, and that this interaction impacts negatively on Lck activity. Here we confirm that activation of T cells induced a transient LAT/Lck association within 4 min after stimulation, returning to basal levels by 30 min. Interestingly,(More)
OBJECTIVE NF-kappaB activation is associated with several inflammatory disorders, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), making this family of transcription factors a good target for the development of antiinflammatory treatments. Although inhibitors of the NF-kappaB pathway are currently available, their specificity has not been adequately determined.(More)
The molecular events and the protein components that are involved in signalling by the T cell receptor (TCR) for antigen have been extensively studied. Activation of signalling cascades following TCR stimulation depends on the phosphorylation of the receptor by the tyrosine kinase Lck, which localizes to the cytoplasmic face of the plasma membrane by virtue(More)