Panagiotis Gigis

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BACKGROUND Patients with end-stage renal disease on haemodialysis (HD) have limited work capacity. Many structural and functional alterations in skeletal muscles contribute to this disability. METHODS To evaluate the effects of exercise training on uraemic myopathy, seven HD patients (mean age 44.1+/-17.2 years) were studied. Open muscle biopsies were(More)
Exercise training has well documented beneficial effects in a variety of cardiac disorders. End stage renal disease patients present many cardiovascular complications and suffer from impaired exercise capacity. No study to date has adequately examined the cardiac responses to exercise training in renal patients on hemodialysis (HD). To determine the effects(More)
To investigate the orbital depth in human skulls in relation to retrobulbar anesthesia, we measured the distance between the lateral margin of the optic foramen and the border of the medium and outer third of the inferior orbital rim (retrobulbar needle pathway) in 50 skulls (25 males and 25 females). This distance varied from 4.4 to 5.7 cm in males (mean(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to demonstrate the increased risk of optic nerve injury by the 40 mm needle when fully inserted into the orbit. METHODS Retrobulbar anesthesia needles 35 and 40 mm long were inserted into the orbits of 12 well-embalmed cadavers, as for typical retrobulbar anesthesia. The needle was seen directly through a fenestration of(More)
The persistent sciatic artery (PSA) is a rare anatomical variant where the internal iliac artery and the axial artery of the embryo provide the major supply of the lower limb, the superficial femoral artery being usually poorly developed or absent. We describe an extremely large right PSA in a 79-year-old male cadaver during a medical gross anatomy course,(More)
Our purpose was to investigate a new therapeutic model, GM-CSF-targeted immunomodulation on transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) marker lesions and to evaluate the immunologic response of the bladder mucosa. Eleven patients with pTa or pT1 bladder cancer were eligible for the study. All lesions were removed by transurethral resection (TUR) except for a marker(More)
Two intranasal biopsies of human olfactory mucosa were studied with the electron microscope, after confirming with the light microscope that they were in fact from the olfactory region. It was noted that the end of the dendrite of the human olfactory cell is flat or dome-shaped, and is not a bulb-like projection (olfactory vesicle). Moreover, the cilia are(More)
We have studied the vasa vasorum of the human thoracic aorta using a polyester resin casting technique, coupled with the tissue clearing method of Spalteholz. We found that the vasa vasorum originated from intercostal arteries. They ramified and formed networks within the aortic adventitia and the outer layers of the media. Venous networks were identified(More)
Duplication of the pylorus, an extremely rare congenital anomaly of the stomach, consists of two openings connecting the antrum of the stomach to the duodenal bulb. Approximately 70 cases of double pylorus have been described in the literature, most of which are associated with the presence of chronic peptic ulcers, thus indicating an acquired origin of the(More)