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Exercise training has well documented beneficial effects in a variety of cardiac disorders. End stage renal disease patients present many cardiovascular complications and suffer from impaired exercise capacity. No study to date has adequately examined the cardiac responses to exercise training in renal patients on hemodialysis (HD). To determine the effects(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with end-stage renal disease on haemodialysis (HD) have limited work capacity. Many structural and functional alterations in skeletal muscles contribute to this disability. METHODS To evaluate the effects of exercise training on uraemic myopathy, seven HD patients (mean age 44.1+/-17.2 years) were studied. Open muscle biopsies were(More)
Two intranasal biopsies of human olfactory mucosa were studied with the electron microscope, after confirming with the light microscope that they were in fact from the olfactory region. It was noted that the end of the dendrite of the human olfactory cell is flat or dome-shaped, and is not a bulb-like projection (olfactory vesicle). Moreover, the cilia are(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to demonstrate the increased risk of optic nerve injury by the 40 mm needle when fully inserted into the orbit. METHODS Retrobulbar anesthesia needles 35 and 40 mm long were inserted into the orbits of 12 well-embalmed cadavers, as for typical retrobulbar anesthesia. The needle was seen directly through a fenestration of(More)
There are little variations in descriptions on the origin of the tendon of the long head of the biceps brachii muscle, in the classical text books of Anatomy. Most authors define as the main origin of the tendon of the long head of the biceps brachii muscle, the supraglenoid tubercle and adjoining part of the glenoid labrum of the scapula. In the present(More)
To investigate the orbital depth in human skulls in relation to retrobulbar anesthesia, we measured the distance between the lateral margin of the optic foramen and the border of the medium and outer third of the inferior orbital rim (retrobulbar needle pathway) in 50 skulls (25 males and 25 females). This distance varied from 4.4 to 5.7 cm in males (mean(More)
Three cases (two male, one female) of annular pancreas are presented, which were found and operated on within the last three decades. Diagnosis was made using imaging techniques, especially ultrasonography and computed tomography. In two cases there was incomplete obstruction, while in the other obstruction was complete. It is characteristic that in the(More)
Our purpose was to investigate a new therapeutic model, GM-CSF-targeted immunomodulation on transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) marker lesions and to evaluate the immunologic response of the bladder mucosa. Eleven patients with pTa or pT1 bladder cancer were eligible for the study. All lesions were removed by transurethral resection (TUR) except for a marker(More)
We report a case of a male cadaver aged 72 years with an ectopic location of the papilla of Vater. The ectopic papilla was situated at the supero-posterior border of the 3rd portion of the duodenum at a distance of 0.9 cm from the limit of the 2nd and 3rd portions of the duodenum. The frequency of this anomaly fluctuates between 0 and 11.83% and when the(More)