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BACKGROUND Emerging evidences suggest that nucleolin expressed on the cell surface is implicated in growth of tumor cells and angiogenesis. Nucleolin is one of the major proteins of the nucleolus, but it is also expressed on the cell surface where is serves as a binding protein for variety of ligands implicated in cell proliferation, differentiation,(More)
In a previous study, we showed that in situ injection of glycosaminoglycan mimetics called RGTAs (ReGeneraTing Agents) enhanced neovascularization after skeletal muscular ischemia (Desgranges, P., Barbaud, C., Caruelle, J. P., Barritault, D., and Gautron, J. (1999) FASEB J. 13, 761-766). In the present study, we showed that the RGTA OTR4120 modulated(More)
Heparin affin regulatory peptide (HARP) is an 18-kDa secreted growth factor that has a high affinity for heparin and a potent role on tumor growth and angiogenesis. We have previously reported that HARP is mitogenic for different types of endothelial cells and also affects cell migration and differentiation (12). In this study we examined the signaling(More)
Insect hemocytes (blood cells) synthesize the major nonself recognition protein (47 kDa) during 3rd instar larvae (V.J. Marmaras, S. Tsakas, Dev. Biol. 129, 294-303 (1988)). In this study we show the presence of the 47 kDa protein in plasmatocytes (main hemocyte type) and prohemocytes. In plasmatocytes this protein appears to be localized both in vesicles(More)
BACKGROUND The development and growth of human prostate cancer is mediated by many tumor cell-derived growth factors. Heparin affin regulatory peptide (HARP) seems to be involved in the progression of several tumors of diverse origin. In the present study, we sought to determine if HARP is implicated in human prostate cancer. METHODS An antisense strategy(More)
Heparin affin regulatory peptide (HARP) is an heparin-binding molecule involved in the regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation. Here, we report that HARP inhibited the biological activity induced by the 165-amino-acid form of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF165) on human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Endothelial-cell proliferation(More)
BACKGROUND It was recently shown, with the chicken embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) model, that X rays decrease the number of blood vessels within the first hours after irradiation. In the present study, the possible role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (NO) in this effect of X rays was evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS An area of 1(More)
Recent studies have implicated the involvement of cell surface forms of nucleolin in tumor growth. In this study, we investigated whether a synthetic ligand of cell-surface nucleolin known as N6L could exert antitumor activity. We found that N6L inhibits the anchorage-dependent and independent growth of tumor cell lines and that it also hampers(More)
HARP (heparin affin regulatory peptide) is a growth factor displaying high affinity for heparin. In the present work, we studied the ability of human recombinant HARP as well as its two terminal peptides (HARP residues 1-21 and residues 121-139) to promote angiogenesis. HARP stimulates endothelial cell tube formation on matrigel, collagen and fibrin gels,(More)
The tetrapeptide acetyl-Ser-Asp-Lys-Pro (AcSDKP), purified from bone marrow and constitutively synthesized in vivo, belongs to the family of negative regulators of hematopoiesis. It protects the stem cell compartment from the toxicity of anticancer drugs and irradiation and consequently contributes to a reduction in marrow failure. This current work(More)