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The pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) involves the cooperation of mutations promoting proliferation/survival and those impairing differentiation. The RAS pathway has been implicated as a key component of the proliferative drive in AML. We have screened AML patients, predominantly younger than 60 years and treated within 2 clinical trials, for(More)
The prognostic significance of FLT3 mutations in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is not firmly established and is of particular interest given the opportunities for targeted therapies using FLT3 inhibitors. We studied 203 patients with PML-RARA-positive APL; 43% of the patients had an FLT3 mutation (65 internal tandem duplications [ITDs], 19 D835/I836, 4(More)
We studied the actions of 2-phenylacetylenesulfonamide (PAS) on B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells. PAS (5-20 microM) initiated apoptosis within 24 hours, with maximal death at 48 hours asassessed by morphology, cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), caspase 3 activation, and annexin V staining. PAS treatment induced Bax proapoptotic(More)
FLT3 mutations, either internal tandem duplications (ITDs) or aspartate residue 835 (D835) point mutations, are present in approximately one third of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and have been associated with an increased relapse rate. We have studied FLT3 mutations in paired presentation and relapse samples to ascertain the biology of these(More)
Fetal liver tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) internal tandem duplications (ITDs) are powerful adverse prognostic indicators for relapse in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) but the most efficacious therapy for FLT3/ITD(+) patients is currently unknown. We evaluated outcome according to FLT3/ITD status in 1135 adult patients treated according to United Kingdom Medical(More)
Reactivation of cytomegalovirus (CMV) remains a serious complication after allogeneic stem cell transplantation, but the role of γδ T cells is undefined. We have studied the immune reconstitution of Vδ2negative (Vδ2neg) γδ T cells, including Vδ1 and Vδ3 subsets and Vδ2positive (Vδ2pos) γδ T cells in 40 patients during the first 24 months after stem cell(More)
A nonmyeloablative conditioning regimen was investigated in 47 patients with hematological malignancy receiving allogeneic progenitor cells from matched, unrelated donors. The median patient age was 44 years. The majority of patients had high-risk features, including having failed a prior transplantation (29 individuals). Twenty of the transplants were(More)
(4217 articles) Neoplasia (3667 articles) Clinical Trials and Observations Articles on similar topics can be found in the following Blood collections Information about subscriptions and ASH membership may be found online at: articles must include the digital object identifier (DOIs) and date of initial publication. priority; they are indexed by PubMed from(More)
The impact of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) mismatch after reduced-intensity conditioning allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (RIT) using unrelated donors (UD) is unclear, and may be modulated by T-cell depletion. We therefore examined outcomes of 157 consecutive patients undergoing RIT after uniform conditioning with fludarabine, melphalan,(More)
UNLABELLED Human Natural Killer (NK) cells require at least two signals to trigger tumor cell lysis. Absence of ligands providing either signal 1 or 2 provides NK resistance. We manufactured a lysate of a tumour cell line which provides signal 1 to resting NK cells without signal 2. The tumor-primed NK cells (TpNK) lyse NK resistant Acute Myeloid Leukemia(More)