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Substituted phenethylamines are a class of designer drugs that have recently emerged in the drug abuse market. Such substances remain legal to use, possess, and supply until these compounds become classified as scheduled. 2C-I-NBOMe or 25I-NBOMe is the N-benzyl-derivative of the iodo-substituted dimethoxy-phenethylamine (2C-I) that appeared recently in the(More)
Antidepressant drugs are widely used for the treatment of depression and other psychiatric disorders and as a result they are involved in numerous clinical and forensic cases. The aim of this study was the development, optimization and validation of a simple, specific and sensitive GC/MS method for the simultaneous determination of 11 antidepressant drugs(More)
We present a validated gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method for the determination of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol and 11-nor-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol-9-carboxylic acid in bile samples. The method includes protein precipitation with acetonitrile after enzymatic hydrolysis, and solid-phase extraction followed by silylation using(More)
Substituted phenethylamines are a class of designer drugs that hold a significant position in the drug abuse market. The most important substances within this class appear to be 4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2C-B) and its novel derivative 2-(4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)ethanamine (25B-NBOMe). Intoxications related to 2C-B use are(More)
BACKGROUND Anticholinergic plants contain a variety of alkaloids that are toxic if ingested. Datura innoxia belongs to the family of Solanaceae and contains two main toxic alkaloids, atropine and scopolamine. CASE SERIES In this study we report the case series of seven individuals who were admitted to two different hospitals of Athens with an(More)
AH-7921 is a structurally unique synthetic opioid analgesic that has recently entered the drug arena in Europe, the USA, and Japan. Although it was synthesized and patented in the mid-1970s, it was first identified in a seized sample purchased via the Internet in July 2012 and formally brought to the attention of the European Union early warning system in(More)
ISSUES 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole (5-IT) is a new psychoactive substance, a 'legal high', that recently invaded the drug arena in Europe and has already led to numerous intoxications and fatalities. Knowledge upon its pharmacology and toxicity is non-existent or restricted; the only available information involves very few published scientific articles,(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Approximately, 25-30% of patients (pts) have gastrinomas, (Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, ZES), as part of the inherited syndrome, multiple endocrine neoplasia 1 (MEN-1). The identification of MEN-1 syndrome in these pts is always important, as there are some differences in their management and prognosis. Among 33 pts with ZES, we present in(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS VIPoma is a rare pancreatic endocrine tumor (PET) which secretes excessive amounts of VIP (Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide) that causes a special clinical syndrome characterized by secretory diarrhea, hypokalemia and achlorhydria. Among a total number of 76 patients (pts) with PETs, we present in this study 11 pts with VIPoma syndrome focusing(More)
During the autopsy of forensic cases, when there is no suspicion of drug use or chemical exposure, biological fluids may not be obtained for toxicological analysis, while specimens of tissues may be collected and preserved in a formalin solution for histological examination. When specific questions arise after the burial, the only possible options are the(More)