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Synthetic nitrogen (N) fertilizer has played a key role in enhancing food production and keeping half of the world's population adequately fed. However, decades of N fertilizer overuse in many parts of the world have contributed to soil, water, and air pollution; reducing excessive N losses and emissions is a central environmental challenge in the 21st(More)
Impairment of brain functional connectivity (FC) is thought to be an early event occurring in diseases with cerebral amyloidosis, such as Alzheimer's disease. Regions sustaining altered functional networks have been shown to colocalize with regions marked with amyloid plaques burden suggesting a strong link between FC and amyloidosis. Whether the decline in(More)
Aspergillus niger is usually regarded as a beneficial species widely used in biotechnological industry. Obtaining the genome sequence of the widely used aconidial A. niger SH2 strain is of great importance to understand its unusual production capability. In this study we assembled a high-quality genome sequence of A. niger SH2 with approximately 11,517(More)
Synthetic glycopolypeptides have attracted much interest for application in biomedical field as they are structural mimics to the natural glycopeptides or glycoproteins. However, the synthesis methods toward glycopolypeptides are still few or less efficient. Herein, we present a facile route to preparation of glycopolypeptides with highly effective(More)
High irradiance (HI) and high temperature (HT) increased in chloroplasts the content of monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) and decreased the contents of digalactosyldiacylglycerol (DGDG), sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol (SQDG), and phosphatidylinositol (PI). HI and HT accelerated the transformation of DGDG to MGDG. The contents of unsaturated fatty acids in(More)
A simple, rapid and accurate method has been developed for effective separation and simultaneous determination of lomefloxacin, gatifloxacin, enoxacin, ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, enrofloxacin and pefloxacin residues in porcine tissue by capillary electrophoresis with diode-array detector. The separation conditions were investigated and optimized. The sample(More)
A novel glucose-sensitive nanogel was conveniently prepared through one-pot thiol-ene copolymerization of pentaerythritol tetra(3-mercaptopropionate), poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate, methoxyl poly(ethylene glycol) acrylate and N-acryloyl-3-aminophenylboronic acid. The formation of core-shell nanogel was verified by proton nuclear magnetic resonance,(More)
Owing to its hydrophilicity, negative charge, small size, and labile degradation by endogenous nucleases, small interfering RNA (siRNA) delivery must be achieved by a carrier system. In this study, cationic copolymers composed of low-molecular-weight polyethylenimine and polythiophenes were synthesized and evaluated as novel self-tracking siRNA delivery(More)
This study developed a novel oral insulin formulation centered on microspheres consisting of a blend of biodegradable poly(ester amide) (PEA). In the formulation, L-lysine-/L-leucine-based PEA with pendant COOH groups (PEA-COOH) was used as a pH-responsive material for the protection of insulin from the harsh environmental conditions of the stomach.(More)
Gallstone disease (GSD) is related to several diabetes risk factors. The present study was to examine whether GSD was independently associated with type 2 diabetes in the China Kadoorie Biobank study. After excluding participants with prevalent diabetes and prior histories of cancer, heart disease, and stroke at baseline, 189,154 men and 272,059 women aged(More)