Increasing concerns about radiation dose have led CT manufacturers to further develop radiation dose reduction tools in the latest generation of CT scanners. These tools include automated tube current modulation, automated tube potential selection, and iterative reconstruction. This review details the principles underlying each of these 3 dose reduction… (More)
The preceding manuscript describes the principles behind the Interactive Watershed Transform (IWT) segmentation tool. The purpose of this manuscript is to illustrate the clinical utility of this editing technique for body multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT) imaging. A series of cases demonstrates clinical applications where automated segmentation… (More)
PURPOSE Many hospitals experience one or more retained surgical item events per year, with risk of patient morbidity and medicolegal consequences. We hypothesized that the confidence and performance of the radiologist would be enhanced by prior training in retained surgical item detection and by prior exposure to commonly employed surgical instruments and… (More)
The introduction of spiral computed tomography from the days of single-slice spiral to today's 64-row multidetector computed tomography and beyond creates datasets with unprecedented spatial and temporal resolution. The key to computed tomography imaging in the big picture is not in the acquisition of data, but in the use of the data acquired. By… (More)
Segmentation of volumetric computed tomography (CT) datasets facilitates evaluation of 3D CT angiography renderings, particularly with maximum intensity projection displays. This manuscript describes a novel automated bone editing program that uses an interactive watershed transform (IWT) technique to rapidly extract the skeletal structures from the volume.… (More)
Rare in the general public, dural ectasia is a common finding in patients with Marfan syndrome. Complications are not frequent but include constipation, urinary retention, and meningitis. Presented here is a case of bacterial meningitis secondary to fistulous communication between a sacral meningocele and sigmoid colon in the setting of diverticulitis.