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Mucopolysaccharidosis type III A (MPS III A, Sanfilippo syndrome) is a rare, autosomal recessive, lysosomal storage disease characterized by accumulation of heparan sulfate secondary to defective function of the lysosomal enzyme heparan N- sulfatase (sulfamidase). Here we describe a spontaneous mouse mutant that replicates many of the features found in MPS(More)
Identifying biological roles for mammalian glycans and the pathways by which they are synthesized has been greatly facilitated by investigations of glycosylation mutants of cultured cell lines and model organisms. Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) glycosylation mutants isolated on the basis of their lectin resistance have been particularly useful for(More)
The glycan symbol nomenclature proposed by Harvey et al. in these pages has relative advantages and disadvantages. The use of symbols to depict glycans originated from Kornfeld in 1978, was systematized in the First Edition of ''Essentials of Glycobiology'' and updated for the second edition, with input from relevant organizations such as the Consortium for(More)
Inactivating mutations of Large reduce the functional glycosylation of alpha-dystroglycan (alpha-DG) and lead to muscular dystrophy in mouse and humans. The N-terminal domain of Large is most similar to UDP-glucose glucosyltransferases (UGGT), and the C-terminal domain is related to the human i blood group transferase beta1,3GlcNAcT-1. The amino acids at(More)
Protein O-fucosyltransferase 1 (Pofut1) transfers fucose to serine or threonine on proteins, including Notch receptors, that contain EGF repeats with a particular consensus sequence. Here we demonstrate that agrin is O-fucosylated in a Pofut1-dependent manner, and that this glycosylation can regulate agrin function. Fucosylation of recombinant C45 agrin,(More)
Prion diseases are caused by conversion of a normally folded, non-pathogenic isoform of the prion protein (PrP(C)) to a misfolded, pathogenic isoform (PrP(Sc)). Prion inoculation experiments in mice expressing homologous PrP(C) molecules on different genetic backgrounds displayed different incubation times, indicating that the conversion reaction may be(More)
The branching of complex N-glycans attached to growth factor receptors promotes tumor progression by prolonging growth factor signaling. The addition of the bisecting GlcNAc to complex N-glycans by Mgat3 has varying effects on cell adhesion, cell migration, and hepatoma formation. Here, we show that Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing Mgat3 and the(More)
Complex and hybrid N-glycans contain sugar residues that have been implicated in fertilization, compaction of the embryo, and implantation. Inactivation of the Mgat1 gene responsible for their synthesis is embryonic lethal, but homozygous mutant blastocysts are phenotypically normal due to the presence of maternal Mgat1 gene transcripts. To identify roles(More)
The canonical Notch signaling pathway mediated by Delta- and Jagged-like Notch ligands determines a variety of cell fates in metazoa. In Caenorhabditis elegans and sea urchins, canonical Notch signaling is essential for different cell fate specifications during early embryogenesis or the formation of endoderm, mesoderm, or ectoderm germ layers. Transcripts(More)
Notch signaling is essential for lymphocyte development and is also implicated in myelopoiesis. Notch receptors are modified by O-fucosylation catalyzed by protein O-fucosyltransferase 1 (Pofut1). Fringe enzymes add N-acetylglucosamine to O-fucose and modify Notch signaling by altering the sensitivity of Notch receptors to Notch ligands. To address(More)