Pamela Stanley

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Notch receptors function in highly conserved intercellular signalling pathways that direct cell-fate decisions, proliferation and apoptosis in metazoans. Fringe proteins can positively and negatively modulate the ability of Notch ligands to activate the Notch receptor. Here we establish the biochemical mechanism of Fringe action. Drosophila and mammalian(More)
PURPOSE From 1986 to 1992, "eight-drugs-in-one-day" (8-in-1) chemotherapy both before and after radiation therapy (XRT) (54 Gy tumor/36 Gy neuraxis) was compared with vincristine, lomustine (CCNU), and prednisone (VCP) after XRT in children with untreated, high-stage medulloblastoma (MB). PATIENTS AND METHODS Two hundred three eligible patients with an(More)
OBJECT Ependymomas in children continue to generate controversy regarding their histological diagnosis and grading. optimal management, and possible prognostic factors. To increase our knowledge of these tumors the authors addressed these issues in a cohort of children with prospectively staged ependymomas treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. (More)
Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) mutant cells with a wide variety of alterations in the glycosylation of proteins and lipids have been isolated by selection for resistance to the cytotoxicity of plant lectins. These CHO mutants have been used to characterize glycosylation pathways, to identify genes that code for glycosylation activities, to elucidate functional(More)
Mucopolysaccharidosis type III A (MPS III A, Sanfilippo syndrome) is a rare, autosomal recessive, lysosomal storage disease characterized by accumulation of heparan sulfate secondary to defective function of the lysosomal enzyme heparan N- sulfatase (sulfamidase). Here we describe a spontaneous mouse mutant that replicates many of the features found in MPS(More)
PURPOSE To determine clinical characteristics and response to treatment for children with supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumors (S-PNETs). PATIENTS AND METHODS After surgery and staging, 55 patients aged 1.5 to 19.3 years with S-PNETs were randomized to receive craniospinal radiotherapy (RT) followed by eight cycles of(More)
Identifying biological roles for mammalian glycans and the pathways by which they are synthesized has been greatly facilitated by investigations of glycosylation mutants of cultured cell lines and model organisms. Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) glycosylation mutants isolated on the basis of their lectin resistance have been particularly useful for(More)
Notch receptor signaling regulates cell growth and differentiation, and core components of Notch signaling pathways are conserved from Drosophila to humans. Fringe glycosyltransferases are crucial modulators of Notch signaling that act on epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like repeats in the Notch receptor extracellular domain. The substrate of Fringe is(More)
PURPOSE To describe the biologic and clinical features of children with primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) arising in the pineal region (pineoblastomas) and evaluate prospectively the efficacy of radiation therapy (RT) and/or chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between 1986 and 1992, 25 children with PNETs of the pineal region were treated as part of(More)
Nucleotide-sugar transporters (NSTs) are critical components of glycosylation pathways in eukaryotes. The identification of structural elements that are involved in NST functions provides an important task. Chinese hamster ovary glycosylation mutants defective in nucleotide-sugar transport provide access to inactive transporters that can define such(More)