Pamela S. Puttfarcken

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There is an increasing amount of experimental evidence that oxidative stress is a causal, or at least an ancillary, factor in the neuropathology of several adult neurodegenerative disorders, as well as in stroke, trauma, and seizures. At the same time, excessive or persistent activation of glutamate-gated ion channels may cause neuronal degeneration in(More)
Development of analgesic agents for the treatment of severe pain requires the identification of compounds that are devoid of opioid receptor liabilities. A potent (inhibition constant = 37 picomolar) neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) ligand called ABT-594 was developed that has antinociceptive properties equal in efficacy to those of(More)
The alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) plays an important role in cognitive processes and has generated recent interest as a potential drug target for treating neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). The property of Ca(2+) permeation associated with alpha7 nAChR agonism may lead to Ca(2+)-dependent intracellular signaling(More)
Different nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtypes appear to modulate dopamine release from the striatum and prefrontal cortex. In this study a combination of subtype-selective antagonists and agonists were used to extensively characterize the nAChRs involved in dopamine release from slice preparations of these two brain regions. alpha-conotoxin-MII(More)
We have examined the effects of sodium on the binding of opioid agonists to mu-, delta-, and kappa-receptors in guinea pig cortical membranes. Concentration curves for sodium indicated that maximal inhibition of mu binding by this cation was about 60% and maximal inhibition for delta binding was about 70%, whereas that for kappa binding was only about 20%.(More)
Transient receptor potential channel type V (TRPV) 1 is a non-selective cation channel that can be activated by capsaicin, endogenous vanilloids, heat and protons. The human TRPV1 splice variant, TRPV1b, lacking exon 7, was cloned from human dorsal root ganglia (DRG) RNA. The expression profile and relative abundance of TRPV1b and TRPV1 in 35 different(More)
Enhancement of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) activity is considered a therapeutic approach for ameliorating cognitive deficits present in Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia. In this study, we describe the in vitro profile of a novel selective alpha7 nAChR agonist, 5-(6-[(3R)-1-azabicyclo[2,2,2]oct-3-yloxy]pyridazin-3-yl)-1H-indole(More)
The release of preloaded radiolabeled norepinephrine ([3H]NE) from slices of rat hippocampus can be stimulated by excitatory amino acids that interact with the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor. The acidic dipeptide N-acetyl-L-aspartylglutamate (NAAG) is colocalized with NE in the cell bodies of locus coeruleus (the origin of the noradrenergic(More)
We have previously shown that T cells from rats exposed chronically to cigarette smoke or nicotine (NT) exhibit T cell anergy and decreased proliferation to T cell mitogens. Effects of chronic NT on T cell function persist for at least 2 weeks after the termination of NT treatment. Moreover, these effects of NT are causally related to the decreased Ca(2+)(More)
Pituitary 7315c tumor cells maintained in culture were treated with varying concentrations of morphine from 10 nM to 300 microM, for periods of five or forty-eight hours. The ability of the mu-opioid receptor agonist, DAMGO, to inhibit forskolin-stimulated adenylyl cyclase in washed membrane preparations from the treated cells was compared with its activity(More)