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The indoloquinoline alkaloid cryptolepine 1 has potent in vitro antiplasmodial activity, but it is also a DNA intercalator with cytotoxic properties. We have shown that the antiplasmodial mechanism of 1 is likely to be due, at least in part, to a chloroquine-like action that does not depend on intercalation into DNA. A number of substituted analogues of 1(More)
A series of silylated amines have been synthesized for use as reversible ionic liquids in the application of post-combustion carbon capture. We describe a molecular design process aimed at influencing industrially relevant carbon capture properties, such as viscosity, temperature of reversal, and enthalpy of regeneration, while maximizing the overall CO2(More)
We discuss novel solvents that improve the sustainability of various chemical reactions and processes. These alternative solvents include organic-aqueous tunable solvents; near-critical water; switchable piperylene sulfone, a volatile dimethylsulfoxide substitute; and reversible ionic liquids. These solvents are advantageous to a wide variety of reactions(More)
The design, construction and performance of the H1 silicon vertex detector is described. It consists of two cylindrical layers of double sided, double metal silicon sensors read out by a custom designed analog pipeline chip. The analog signals are transmitted by optical fibers to a custom designed ADC board and are reduced on PowerPC processors. Details of(More)
2,3,4-Tribromopyrrole (1) and 2,3,5-tribromopyrrole (2) were each synthesized from pyrrole. Spectral data and antifeedant effects for synthetic 1 and the antipredatory chemical defense compound of the marine hemichordate Saccoglossus kowalevskii were in agreement, confirming the structure of the deterrent natural product as 1. Spectral data for 2 differed(More)
An abiotic formation of meso- and DL-tartrates in 80% yield via the cyanide-catalyzed dimerization of glyoxylate under alkaline conditions is demonstrated. A detailed mechanism for this conversion is proposed, supported by NMR evidence and (13)C-labeled reactions. Simple dehydration of tartrates to oxaloacetate and an ensuing decarboxylation to form(More)
Silylamine reversible ionic liquids were designed to achieve specific physical properties in order to address effective CO₂ capture. The reversible ionic liquid systems reported herein represent a class of switchable solvents where a relatively non-polar silylamine (molecular liquid) is reversibly transformed to a reversible ionic liquid (RevIL) by reaction(More)
Tunable solvent systems couple homogeneous catalytic reactions to heterogeneous separations, thereby combining multiple unit operations into a single step and subsequently reducing waste generation and improving process economics. In addition, tunable solvents can require less energy than traditional separations, such as distillation. We extend the impact(More)
The greatest advantage of heterogeneous catalysis is the ease of separation, while the disadvantages are often limited activity and selectivity. We report solvents that use tunable phase behavior to achieve homogeneous catalysis with ease of separation. Tunable solvents are homogeneous mixtures of water or polyethylene glycol with organics such as(More)