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Fixation of HeLa cells with a mixture of 100 mM glutaraldehyde, 2 mg/ml tannic acid and 0.5 mg/ml saponin allows the tannic acid to penetrate intact cells without disruption of membranes or extraction of the cytoplasmic matrix. After subsequent treatment with OsO4 cytoplasmic structures are stained so densely that fine details are visible even in very thin(More)
The adenomatous polyposis coli protein (APC) is mutated in familial adenomatous polyposis patients as well as in sporadic colorectal tumors. In an attempt to further understand the function of APC, the subcellular localization of APC was examined. Wild-type and mutant forms of APC were expressed in mammalian cells and protein detected by immunofluorescence(More)
We used a glutaraldehyde-tannic acid-saponin fixative to improve the preservation of actin filaments in dividing HeLa cells during preparation for thin sectioning. The contractile ring in the cleavage furrow is composed of a parallel array of actin filaments that circle the equator. We show that many of these actin filaments are arranged in small bundles.(More)
We used purified polyclonal antibodies to human cytoplasmic myosin-IIA and myosin-IIB directly labeled with fluorescent dyes to localize these myosin-II isozymes in HeLa cells, melanoma cells and blood cells. Both antibodies react strongly with myosin-II isozymes in HeLa cells, melanoma cells and blood eosinophils, but only anti-myosin-IIA antibodies stain(More)
We used a novel stopped-flow/rapid-freezing machine to prepare the transient intermediates in the actin-myosin adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) cycle for direct observation by electron microscopy. We focused on the low affinity complexes of myosin-adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and myosin-adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-Pi with actin filaments since the(More)
The cadherin-based transmembrane cell-cell adhesive complex is thought to be composed of a cadherin molecule, a beta-catenin, and an alpha-catenin, which connects the complex to the cytoskeleton. The precise stoichiometry of this complex remains uncertain. We have used a series of recombinant molecules and biophysical techniques to assess the multimeric(More)
We used a series of COOH-terminally deleted recombinant myosin molecules to map precisely the binding sites of 22 monoclonal antibodies along the tail of Acanthamoeba myosin-II. These antibodies bind to 14 distinguishable epitopes, some separated by less than 10 amino acids. The positions of the binding sites visualized by electron microscopy agree only(More)
Several cytological observations support the idea that actin filaments interact with microtubules, but the strongest evidence comes from biochemical experiments. The cytological observations include the colocalization of microtubules and actin in the mitotic spindle of dividing cells by electron microscopy (1-3) and light microscopy with fluorescent probes(More)
We used fluorescence microscopy of live Acanthamoeba to follow the time course of the concentration of myosin-I next to the plasma membrane at sites of macropinocytosis and phagocytosis. We marked myosin-I with a fluorescently labeled monoclonal antibody (Cy3-M1.7) introduced into the cytoplasm by syringe loading. M1.7 binds myosin-IA and -IC without(More)
We have developed an instrument capable of freezing transient intermediates in rapid biochemical reactions for subsequent freeze-fracturing, replication, and viewing by transmission electron microscopy. The machine combines a rapid mixing unit similar to one widely used in chemical kinetics (Johnson, 1986) with a propane jet freezing unit previously used to(More)