Pamela M Donoghue

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Physiological and biochemical responses of skeletal muscle fibres to enhanced neuromuscular activity under conditions of maximum activation can be studied experimentally by chronic low-frequency stimulation of fast muscles. Stimulation-induced changes in the expression pattern of the rabbit fast skeletal muscle proteome were evaluated by two-dimensional gel(More)
Extended human longevity has resulted in increasing numbers of elderly persons in the general population. However, old age is also associated with a variety of serious physical disorders. Frailty among sedentary elderly patients is related to the impaired structure and function of contractile fibers. Biochemical research into cellular mechanisms that(More)
The cytosolic Ca2+ -binding protein regucalcin is involved in intracellular signaling and present in high abundance in the liver. Here, we could show by comparative mass spectrometry-based proteomics screening of normal versus dystrophic fibres that regucalcin of 33.9 kDa and pI5.2 also exists in diaphragm muscle. Since the expression of sarcolemmal Ca2+(More)
Heart diseases resulting in heart failure are among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the Western world and can result from either systemic disease (e.g., hypertensive heart disease, ischemic heart disease) or specific heart muscle disease (e.g., dilated cardiomyopathy/DCM). Subproteome analysis of such disease subsets affords a reduction in(More)
The adaptive response of skeletal muscle fibres depends on a variety of biological factors including loading conditions and neuromuscular activity. An extreme type of atrophy-inducing change in contractile activity is represented by the physical disconnection between the motor nerve and its respective fibre unit. Since fibre type alterations have a striking(More)
Skeletal muscle fibre transitions occur in many biological processes, in response to alterations in neuromuscular activity, in muscular disorders, during age-induced muscle wasting and in myogenesis. It was therefore of interest to perform a comprehensive proteomic profiling of muscle transformation. Chronic low-frequency stimulation of the rabbit tibialis(More)
Phospholemman (PLM, FXYD1), abundantly expressed in the heart, is the primary cardiac sarcolemmal substrate for PKA and PKC. Evidence supports the hypothesis that PLM is part of the cardiac Na-K pump complex and provides the link between kinase activity and pump modulation. PLM has also been proposed to modulate Na/Ca exchanger activity and may be involved(More)
Contractile weakness and loss of muscle mass are critical features of the aging process in mammalians. Age-related fibre wasting has a profound effect on muscle metabolism, fibre type distribution and the overall physiological integrity of the neuromuscular system. This study has used mass spectrometry-based proteomics to investigate the fate of the aging(More)
In contrast to the traditional biochemical study of single proteins or isolated pathways in health and disease, technical advances in the high-throughput screening of peptides by mass spectrometry have established new ways of identifying entire cellular protein populations in one swift analytical approach. This review discusses the recent progress in the(More)
The development of ECL-Plex CyDye-conjugated secondary antibodies allows the advancement of conventional Western blotting, opening up possibilities for highly sensitive and quantitative protein confirmation and identification. We report a novel proteomic method to simultaneously visualise the total protein profile as well as the specific immunodetection of(More)