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Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed non-cutaneous neoplasm among American males and is the second leading cause of cancer-related death. Prostate specific antigen screening has resulted in earlier disease detection, yet approximately 30% of men will die of metastatic disease. Slow disease progression, an aging population and associated morbidity(More)
We have used prostate cancer, the most commonly diagnosed noncutaneous neoplasm among men, to investigate the feasibility of performing genomic array analyses of archival tissue. Prostate-specific antigen and a biopsy Gleason grade have not proven to be accurate in predicting clinical outcome, yet they remain the only accepted biomarkers for prostate(More)
Progression of primary prostate cancer to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is associated with numerous genetic and epigenetic alterations that are thought to promote survival at metastatic sites. In this study, we investigated gene copy number and CpG methylation status in CRPC to gain insight into specific pathophysiologic pathways that are(More)
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) hold promise for studying advanced prostate cancer. A functional collagen adhesion matrix (CAM) assay was used to enrich CTCs from prostate cancer patients' blood. CAM ingestion and epithelial immuno-staining identified CTCs, which were genotyped using oligonucleotide array comparative genomic hybridization. The highest CTC(More)
BACKGROUND WFDC1/ps20 protein has been previously established as a growth suppressor of the prostate cancer cell line PC3. It maps to chromosome 16q23.1, a region of frequent loss of heterozygosity, familial association, and genomic loss in prostate cancer. We, therefore, chose to examine WFDC1/ps20 for mutations and expression changes in prostate cancer.(More)
PURPOSE Although novel agents targeting the androgen-androgen receptor (AR) axis have altered the treatment paradigm of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), development of therapeutic resistance is inevitable. In this study, we examined whether AR gene aberrations detectable in circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) are associated with(More)
Prostate cancer (PCA) is one of the most prevalent cancers and a major leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the Western world. The TMPRSS2-ERG fusion was recently identified as a common recurrent chromosomal aberration in this malignancy. In our study, we interrogated a broad spectrum of benign, precursor, and malignant prostatic lesions to assess(More)
PURPOSE More than 1,300,000 prostate needle biopsies are done annually in the United States with up to 16% incidence of isolated high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (HGPIN). HGPIN has low predictive value for identifying prostate cancer on subsequent needle biopsies in prostate-specific antigen-screened populations. In contemporary series,(More)
BACKGROUND The prostate is an androgen-regulated organ and polymorphisms in genes involved in testosterone synthesis, in particular, SRD5A2 (A49T and V89L variants), CYP17 (MspAI variant), and the AR (CAG, GGC repeats), represent candidate risk factors for prostate cancer incidence and aggressiveness. METHODS We evaluated the relationship between these(More)
The TMPRSS2-ETS fusion prostate cancers comprise 50-70% of the prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-screened hospital-based prostate cancers examined to date, making it perhaps the most common genetic rearrangement in human cancer. The most common variant involves androgen-regulated TMPRSS2 and ERG, both located on chromosome 21. Emerging data from our group and(More)