Learn More
Effects of diet forage-to-concentrate ratio and intake on balances of energy and nitrogen and portal-drained viscera (PDV), liver and kidney blood flow and O2 consumption were measured in seven growing beef heifers. Isonitrogenous pelleted diets containing approximately 75% alfalfa or 75% concentrate were fed daily as 12 equal meals every 2 h at two(More)
Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of plague, has been detected in fleas and mammals throughout the western United States. This highly virulent infection is rare in humans, surveillance of the disease is expensive, and it often was assumed that risk of exposure to Y. pestis is high in most of the western United States. For these reasons, some local health(More)
Plague is a rare but highly virulent flea-borne zoonotic disease caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Yersinia pestis Yersin. Identifying areas at high risk of human exposure to the etiological agent of plague could provide a useful tool for targeting limited public health resources and reduce the likelihood of misdiagnosis by raising awareness of the(More)
Effects of diet forage-to-concentrate ratio and intake on metabolism of nutrients by portal-drained viscera (PDV), liver and kidneys were measured in seven growing beef heifers. Isonitrogenous pelleted diets containing approximately 75% alfalfa or 75% concentrate were fed every 2 h at two metabolizable energy intakes. Greater intake increased net PDV(More)
The objectives were to determine the effects of daily injection of bovine growth hormone (bGH) on the metabolism of [1-14C]leucine and [1-14C]palmitate and on hormone and metabolite concentrations in growing Hereford heifers. The experimental design was a 28-d single reversal with two 14-d injection periods of placebo or bGH. Energy intake was restricted to(More)
Objectives were to define daily patterns of net absorption of various nutrients and to assess effects of intraruminal infusion of acetic acid on concentrations of ruminal fluid and net absorption of various metabolites. These characteristics were measured in three nonpregnant, dry Holstein cows (491 kg) at hourly intervals for 24 h before and after 5 days(More)
Exposure to cats infected with Yersinia pestis is a recently recognized risk for human plague in the US. Twenty-three cases of cat-associated human plague (5 of which were fatal) occurred in 8 western states from 1977 through 1998, which represent 7.7% of the total 297 cases reported in that period. Bites, scratches, or other contact with infectious(More)
The relationships between climatic variables and the frequency of human plague cases (1960-1997) were modeled by Poisson regression for two adjoining regions in northeastern Arizona and northwestern New Mexico. Model outputs closely agreed with the numbers of cases actually observed, suggesting that temporal variations in plague risk can be estimated by(More)
Effects of bovine somatotropin (bST) on irreversible loss rate (ILR) and oxidation rate of glucose and nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA) were examined. Nine lactating cows received bST or excipient in a single reversal design using 14-d periods. Kinetic variables were estimated by compartmental analysis of blood metabolite and expired CO2 specific activity(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between observed delirium in ICU and patients' recall of factual events up to two years after discharge. BACKGROUND People, the environment, and procedures are frequently cited memories of actual events encountered in ICU. These are often perceived as stressors to the patients and the presence of several such(More)