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OBJECTIVES This study was undertaken to determine whether or not breadth of clinical experience and student levels of confidence were indicators of competency on standardized simulator performance-based assessments. METHODS All students (n=144) attending an educational session were asked to complete a 25-point questionnaire regarding specific clinical(More)
BACKGROUND The availability of simulator technology at the University of Toronto (Toronto, Ontario, Canada) provided the opportunity to compare the efficacy of video-assisted and simulator-assisted learning. METHODS After ethics approval from the University of Toronto, all final-year medical students were invited to participate in the current randomized(More)
BACKGROUND Standardized scenarios can be used for performance assessments geared to the level of the learner. The purpose of this study was to validate checklists used for the assessments of medical students' performance using high-fidelity patient simulation. METHODS Our undergraduate committee designed 10 scenarios based on curriculum objectives.(More)
BACKGROUND The current transition literature is a fragmented assortment of studies examining select subsections of transition stakeholders. METHODS Adolescent/young adult patients with IBD (40% transferred to adult care), parents, and health providers (53.8% adult providers) participated in 1 of 6 focus group interviews focused on concerns and needs(More)
BACKGROUND To determine the effectiveness of high-fidelity simulation for team training, a valid and reliable tool is required. This study investigated the internal consistency, inter-rater reliability and test-retest reliability of two newly developed tools to assess obstetrical team performance. METHODS After research ethics board approval,(More)
OBJECTIVES Variations in chronic illness care are common in our health care system and may lead to suboptimal outcomes. Specifically, inconsistent use and suboptimal medication dosing have been demonstrated in the care of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Quality improvement (QI) efforts have improved outcomes in conditions such as asthma and(More)
High-fidelity patient simulation allows students to apply their theoretical knowledge of pharmacology and physiology to practice. The purpose of this study was to determine if experiential education using high-fidelity simulation improves undergraduate performance scores on simulation-based and written examinations. After receiving research ethics board(More)
PURPOSE Barriers to simulation-based education in postgraduate and continuing education for anesthesiologists have not been well studied. We hypothesized that the level of training may influence attitudes towards simulation-based education and impact on the use of simulation. This study investigated this issue at the University of Toronto which possesses(More)
PURPOSE To gather information regarding the global use of simulation technology in education, evaluation and research in anesthesia. METHODS The WorldWide Web was searched and located sites with simulation centres (n = 158) were mailed a 67-item questionnaire requesting information regarding demographics, personnel, education use and research involvement.(More)
UNLABELLED We evaluated in this qualitative systematic review the efficacy of increasing central blood volume on the incidence of hypotension after spinal anesthesia for elective cesarean delivery. Randomized controlled trials investigating any method of increasing central blood volume before the initiation of obstetric spinal anesthesia were sought by(More)