Pamela J. Mansfield

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Rho GTPases control a variety of cellular processes, including actin polymerization, integrin complex formation, cell adhesion, gene transcription, cell cycle progression, and cell proliferation. A patient is described who has recurrent infections and defective neutrophil cellular functions similar to those found in Rac2-deficient mice. Molecular methods(More)
Polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMNL) phagocytosis mediated by FcgammaRII proceeds in concert with activation of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase, extracellular signal-regulated kinase ERK2. We hypothesized that myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) could be phosphorylated and activated by ERK, thereby linking the MAP kinase pathway to the activation of(More)
Cell adhesion molecules are critical in monocyte (MN) recruitment in immune-mediated and hematologic diseases. We investigated the novel role of recombinant human migration inhibitory factor (rhMIF) in up-regulating vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and their signaling pathways in human MNs.(More)
OBJECTIVE Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is a proinflammatory cytokine implicated in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study was undertaken to examine the role of IL-18 in up-regulating secretion of the angiogenic factors stromal cell-derived factor 1alpha (SDF-1alpha)/CXCL12, monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1)/CCL2, and vascular(More)
A precipitating factor in the development of atherosclerotic lesions is the inappropriate migration and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC) within the intima of the vessel wall. Focusing on the role of extracellular matrix proteins in SMC migration, we have demonstrated that thrombospondin (TSP) itself is a potent modulator of SMC motility(More)
The presence of the extracellular matrix protein thrombospondin (TSP) at sites of tissue injury or inflammation may promote monocyte migration to these sites and play a central role in their eventual differentiation into tissue macrophages. Previously, we have shown that TSP promotes neutrophil adhesion and migration, and primes for oxidant generation. To(More)
We investigated the requirement for Syk activation to initiate downstream signaling events during polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) phagocytosis of Ab-coated erythrocytes (EIgG). When PMN were challenged with EIgG, Syk phosphorylation increased in a time-dependent manner, paralleling the response of PMN phagocytosis. Pretreatment of PMN with piceatannol, a(More)
The interactions of tumorigenic cells with the extracellular matrix play a critical role in the establishment of metastases. Thrombospondin (TSP) is prominent at sites of tissue injury and promotes the attachment, spreading, and motility of several cell types. We have investigated the relationship between human carcinoma cell metastatic potential and(More)
In the present study, we investigated the mechanism by which sphingosine and its analogues, dihydrosphingosine and phytosphingosine, inhibit polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) phagocytosis of IgG-opsonized erythrocytes (EIgG) and inhibit ERK1 and ERK2 phosphorylation. We used antibodies that recognized the phosphorylated forms of ERK1 (p44) and ERK2 (p42)(More)
Ceramide, a product of agonist-stimulated sphingomyelinase activation, is known to be generated during the phagocytosis of antibody-coated erythrocytes by polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Agonist-stimulated formation of ceramide-1-phosphate is now shown to occur in 32PO4-labeled neutrophils. Ceramide-1-phosphate is formed by a calcium-dependent ceramide(More)